TABLE 1

Characteristics of CAM Users Younger Than 18 Years in the United States Excluding Use of Vitamins and Minerals (n = 9414)

CharacteristicCAM Users (N = 1055), %Non-CAM Users (N = 8254), %
Demographic
Age, ya
    Infant and toddler, 0–417.829.4
    Child, 5–1134.538.3
    Adolescent, 12–1747.732.3
Gender
    Boys48.351.5
    Girls51.748.5
Racea
    Non-Hispanic white71.655.8
    Non-Hispanic black9.116.6
    Non-Hispanic Asian3.84.2
    Non-Hispanic all other races1.91.5
    Hispanic13.621.8
Incomea
    $19 999 or less9.416.6
    $20 000–$34 99912.017.1
    $35 000–$64 99926.626.8
    $65 000 or more51.939.4
Regiona
    West27.622.1
    Midwest27.323.3
    South27.138.1
    Northeast18.016.6
Highest education of either parenta
    Less than high school5.413.7
    High school15.323.6
    Some college28.230.1
    4-y college or more51.232.6
Insurance
    Medicaid/Medicare16.125.2
    Private62.653.4
    Uninsured7.913.3
    Unknown13.37.9
Prescription medication use in the previous 3 moa23.110.9
Difficulty affording prescription in the previous 12 moa3.81.8
Delayed medical care because of difficulties with accessa15.78.9
Missed school days because of illnessa
    0–247.260.1
    3–529.024.7
    5–1013.110.2
    >1010.75.0
Medical conditions and/or symptoms
    ADHDa12.46.0
    Allergies
        Hayfevera17.99.1
        Respiratory allergya17.18.6
        Food/diet allergya7.63.5
        Othera7.94.6
    Asthma12.88.7
    Dermatologic, acne and/or wartsa16.57.6
    Developmental disordersa7.53.1
    Fevera41.127.8
    Gastrointestinal
        Nausea/vomitinga33.818.9
        Abdominal paina10.94.2
        Refluxa9.63.6
        Constipationa8.34.3
    Headachesa13.26.6
    Insomniaa12.24.1
    Learning disabilitya13.76.6
    Musculoskeletala9.72.6
    Overweighta,b8.74.8
    Psychological
        Depressiona7.22.3
        Anxiety and/or stressa21.66.1
    Respiratory infections in the previous 12 mo
        Ear infections (≥3)6.54.9
        Sinusitusa14.26.3
        Chest/head coldsa66.053.0
        Influenza/pneumoniaa11.15.8
        Pharyngitisa53.935.1
Parental use of CAMc64.627.6
  • a P ≤ .005 for differences between CAM users and non-CAM users.

  • b Child reported by adult respondent as being overweight.

  • c Parental use of CAM represents a subset of all children sampled (n = 7455) where a parental figure (parent, grandparent, foster parent, or legal guardian) completed the adult survey on CAM use.

  • Data source: NHIS 2007. Weighted percentages were extrapolated from the US census (2000) for the child civilian, noninstitutionalized household population.