TABLE 2.

Sources of Information and Screening Criteria

CountrySourceProvider(s) of Neonatal CareYearScreening Criteria
Birth Weight, gGA, wkOther
Highly developed countries: UNDP HDI 1–302
    Canada14 unitsGovernment1996 and 1997<1500<30Yes22
    United States3 units in 1 cityGovernment, PP1998–2001<1500<32Yes
    United KingdomThrough national surveillanceGovernment12.97–03.99<1500<32No
Moderately developed countries: UNDP HHDI ranking 31–1002
    Argentina (C)1 unit in provincial state capitalGovernment2000 and 2001<1500<32Yes*
    Argentina (M)1 unit in provincial state capitalGovernment2000 and 2001<1500<32Yes*
    Argentina (P)1 unit in provincial state capitalGovernment1999–2002<1500<32Yes*
    Argentina (T)1 unit in provincial state capitalGovernment2000 and 2001<1500<32Yes*
    Lithuania (V)1 unit in provincial state capitalUniversity2000–2002250035No
    Lithuania (K)1 unit in provincial state capitalUniversity2001 and 2002NA36Yes
    Cuba4 units in HavanaGovernment1998–2001<1700<32Yes
    Brazil1 unit in Rio de JaneiroGovernment2000 and 2002<1500<33No
    Colombia7 units in BucaramangaMixture1997–2001<1500<31Yes
    Peru2 units in LimaGovernment, SS2000–2002200034Yes*
    Ecuador1 unit in GuayaquilCharitable1999–2002190036No
    National treatment referral center
        Argentina (G)Infants throughout the countryMixture1999–2002NANANA
    From national program
        Chile27 units throughout countryMixture1996–1999<1750§<32No
    From low vision clinic
        Argentina (L)1 clinic in Buenos AiresMixtureBorn 1992–1996NANANA
Poorly developed countries: UNDP HDI >1002
    Vietnam3 units: Hanoi, Ho Chi MinhGovernment2001–2003<1601NANo
    India (D)1 unit in DelhiGovernment2000<1500<32Yes
    India (H)8 unitsGovernment, PP1999–2002<2000<35
    India (M)1 neonatal unit; 1 surgical unitCharitable1999–2002<2000NA
  • SS indicates Social Security; NA, not applicable; PP, private.

  • * Criteria: >72 hours in oxygen, prolonged ventilation, blood transfusion, hyperoxia, hypoxia, apnea, resuscitation, acidosis, and sepsis.

  • Criteria changed in 2001 to 1750 g, and all who had 30 days in oxygen regardless of birth weight or GA.

  • Criteria for infants 1500 to 1700 g: >30 days in oxygen.

  • § In government sector.

  • In private sector.

  • ¶ Any with a stormy neonatal course and whose GA is unknown irrespective of birth weight.