TABLE 1.

Proportion of Childhood Blindness as a Result of ROP in Countries Ranked by Their UNDP HDI

CountryUNDP Rank Based on HDI in 2002Source of DataN% ROP
Highly developed: HDI ranking 1–302
    Sweden202Register20484
    United States218Blind school study; national255313
    Eire2210Multiple sources; national17211
    Nordic countries231, 7, 13, 17Register; national252710
    United Kingdom2412Surveillance; national439*3
Moderately developed: HDI ranking 31–1002
    Czech Republic2532Blind school study; national22941.9
    Argentina2634Blind school study; 1 province17760.0
    Hungary2738Blind school study; national49111
    Chile2843Blind school study; national26717.6
    Cuba152Blind school study; 2 provinces7038.6
    Bulgaria156Blind school study; national13522.9
    Malaysia2959Blind school study; national3326.0
    Albania165Blind school study; national370.0
    Romania169Blind school study; national1032.0
    BrazilUPD72Blind school study; 1 region14814.2
    ColombiaUPD73Blind school study; 2 regions22623.9
    Thailand176Blind school study; 2 regions6516.9
    KazakhstanUPD78Blind school study; national454.4
    Philippines183Blind school study; 2 regions1798.4
    PeruUPD85Blind school study; 4 cities21716
    Paraguay189Blind school study; national3633.3
    China3094Blind school study; sample of schools11311.9
    Sri Lanka3196Blind school study; national2260.0
    EcuadorUPD100Blind school study; national14214.1
Poorly developed: HDI ranking 101 and above2
    Uzbekistan32107Blind school study; national Blind school study; 19 regions5060.0
    Mongolia33117Blind school study; national Blind school study; 19 regions240.0
    GuatemalaUPD121Blind school study; national734.1
    India3436127Blind school study; 10 states, Delhi23600.2
    CambodiaUPD130Blind school study; 1 city240.0
    South Africa10119Blind school study; national56410.6
    Ghana/Togo/Benin1131Blind school study; national2840.0
    PakistanUPD142Blind school study; national7600.0
    UgandaUPD146Blind school study; sample of schools300.0
    KenyaUPD148Blind school study; sample of schools770.0
    Nigeria1151Blind school study; 1 state2100.5
    Eritrea1156Blind school study; national610.0
    Malawi1165Blind school study; national1370.0
    Ethiopia37170Blind school study; sample of schools2950.0
  • UPD indicates unpublished data held in a database at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

  • * Incident cases of blindness.

  • Blindness from ROP was found only in Asian and white children and not in African children.