TABLE 2

Time and Cost per Injection for Administration of Vaccinations in 10 Pediatric Practices in 2007

CategoryTime per Injection, minCost per Injection, Mean, $Cost Calculated With Simulation Model, $
Mean ± SDMedian
Personnel
    Nursing3.871.711.79 ± 1.011.52
    Billing5.232.673.10 ± 1.812.75
    Nonroutinea3.781.641.64 ± 0.611.53
    Registry2.110.960.96 ± 0.460.89
    Physician2.624.054.30 ± 1.383.87
    Total for personnel17.6111.03
Supplies
    Syringe and needles0.36
    Medical waste disposal0.12
Total variable costs11.5111.83 ± 2.5211.55
  • a Nonroutine activities primarily include performing vaccine inventory and ordering, providing vaccination records to requesters, and answering parent telephone questions about vaccinations.