Sample Characteristics and Need for GCS According to Condition and HBM Constructs

Perceived Susceptibility, Weighted %
OverallaThose Needing GCSb
With ASD, DS, or MROther CSHCNWith ASD, DS, or MROther CSHCN
Needed any GCSa,c
Received all GCS
HBM construct
    Perceived severity, rated severitya,c,b,d
    Cues to action, medical homea,c
        Not present70.450.075.372.4
    Modifying factors
        Child's agea,b,c,d9.610.08.89.7
        Child's gendera,c
        Child's racea,c
            White, non-Hispanic60.766.160.253.4
            Black, non-Hispanic18.115.918.222.8
            Multiracial, non-Hispanic3.
            Other, non-Hispanic3.
        Highest level of education (household)a,c
            Less than high school10.56.213.810.6
            High school graduate26.422.528.827.6
            More than high school63.271.257.361.8
        Insurance statusa,b,c,d
            Private only39.163.830.144.8
            Public only42.126.448.539.2
            Both public and private14.96.317.610.5
        Household incomea,b,c,d
            0%–99% FPL27.418.134.230.8
            100%–199% FPL26.921.225.327.6
            200%–399% FPL26.830.424.924.6
            ≥400% FPL18.830.215.516.9
  • Perceived barriers are not shown, because they were only asked of those who reported that they needed but had not received all necessary GCS. Columns total to 100%.

  • a Overall: those with ASD, DS, or MR versus other CSHCN.

  • b Those needing GCS: those with ASD, DS, or MR versus Other CSHCN.

  • c P < .001.

  • d P < .05.