TABLE 1

Theoretical Models Related to the Study of Racial Discrimination and Children of Color

TheoryMajor Premise
Ecological theorySocial circumstances and experiences at multiple levels of a society affect child development, parenting behavior, and health outcomes.
Social-stratification theorySocieties develop hierarchies of dominant and secondary social groups. Group location affects health outcomes by influencing the social experiences and environmental risks to which group members are exposed.
Theory of racial inequality and social integrationMembership in a secondary social group may result in perceptions of social inequality based on experiences of racial discrimination.