TABLE 1

Demographic Characteristics and Health Care Needs of Children With and Without ASDs

Child Has an ASDChild Has Other Special Health Care NeedsAllDesign-Corrected F
%95% CI%95% CI%95% CI
Age, y17.94a
    0–2 (n = 2317)1.61.0–2.76.96.5–7.46.66.2–7.1
    3–5 (n = 5001)18.615.8–21.714.013.4–14.714.313.7–14.9
    6–12 (n = 17 762)49.345.8–52.843.642.8–44.543.943.1–44.8
    13–17 (n = 15 176)30.527.4–33.835.434.6–36.335.234.4–36.0
Gender136.99a
    Female (n = 16 353)20.918.3–23.941.841.0–42.740.739.9–41.5
    Male (n = 23 830)79.176.1–81.758.257.3–59.059.358.5–60.1
Race1.11
    White (n = 30 697)73.570.3–76.471.070.1–71.871.170.3–71.9
    Black (n = 4319)15.212.9–17.916.816.1–17.516.716.0–17.4
    Multiple race (n = 1798)3.32.4–4.44.13.8–4.54.13.7–4.4
    Other (n = 3182)8.06.2–10.28.17.6–8.78.17.6–8.6
Hispanic ethnicity0.32
    Not Hispanic (n = 36 172)87.785.0–90.088.587.8–89.088.487.8–89.0
    Hispanic (n = 3925)12.310.0–15.011.511.0–12.211.611.0–12.2
Highest level of education0.16
    Less than high school (n = 1828)6.44.8–8.46.66.2–7.16.66.2–7.1
    High school (n = 6339)23.920.7–27.423.022.2–23.823.022.3–23.8
    More than high school (n = 32 013)69.866.2–73.170.469.6–71.270.469.5–71.2
Poverty level, % FPL2.81
    ≤200 (n = 13 083)44.240.6–47.940.439.5–41.340.639.7–41.4
    200–400 (n = 12 430)30.126.6–33.830.329.5–31.130.329.5–31.1
    >400 (n = 11 130)25.722.9–28.729.328.5–30.129.128.4–29.9
Urban1.44
    Not urban (n = 6062)15.913.6–18.417.516.9–18.117.416.8–18.0
    Urban (n = 21 749)84.181.6–86.482.581.9–83.182.682.0–83.2
Insurance status0.004
    Insured (n = 38 767)96.695.3–97.696.696.3–96.996.696.3–96.9
    Uninsured (n = 1407)3.42.4–4.73.43.1–3.73.43.1–3.7
Child currently needs prescription medications288.78a
    No (n = 7590)42.238.8–45.717.717.0–18.319.018.3–19.7
    Yes (n = 32 647)57.854.3–61.282.381.7–83.081.080.3–81.7
Child needs more medical care/mental health/education than peers718.02a
    No (n = 22 043)10.48.5–12.758.958.0–59.756.255.4–57.1
    Yes (n = 17 553)89.687.3–81.541.140.3–42.043.842.9–44.6
Child is limited in ability to do things1020.36a
    No (n = 30 864)30.026.9–33.379.478.7–80.176.876.1–77.5
    Yes (n = 9257)70.066.7–73.120.619.9–21.323.222.5–23.9
Child needs physical, occupational, and/or speech therapy1447.71a
    No (n = 31 854)23.820.9–26.981.981.2–82.578.778.0–79.4
    Yes (n = 8360)76.273.1–79.118.117.5–18.821.320.6–22.0
Child has emotional, developmental, or behavioral problem1206.96a
    No (n = 28 165)19.316.8–22.073.572.7–74.270.569.8–71.3
    Yes (n = 11 922)80.778.0–83.226.525.8–27.329.528.7–30.2