Resources that provide access to health care
    Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: administer the federal component of key government programs serving this population, including Medicaid, SCHIP, and the Rural Health Clinics program.
        7500 Security Blvd
        Baltimore, MD 21244
        Telephone: 410-786-3000
        Web site:
    State and local health and human service agencies: administer the state component of key government health programs (eg, Medicaid and SCHIP) as well as state-only sponsored health programs. These agencies typically coordinate outreach and enrollment activity for health-related programs.
    National Association of Community Health Centers: the national trade association of nonprofit clinics that provide free health care and/or low-cost health services to medically underserved populations.
        1330 New Hampshire Ave
        Suite 122
        Washington, DC 20036
        Telephone: 202-293-5518
        Fax: 202-659-8519
        Web site:
    Vaccines for Children program (VFC): a federally funded program that provides free vaccines to eligible (traditional and safety net) health care professionals for the purpose of immunizing children and youth who are uninsured, enrolled in Medicaid, or participating in Indian Health Service programs. Each state or region has a designated VFC coordinator who can be identified through the appropriate health and human service agency.
        National Immunization Hotline: 800-232-2522
        Web site:
    Migrant Clinicians Network: a national organization of health care professionals who promote the health of migrant farmworkers. Education, resources, and advocacy are priorities.
        PO Box 164285
        Austin, TX 78716
        Telephone: 512-327-2017
        Fax: 512-327-0719
        Web site:
Resources that establish standards for health care
    AAP: a professional association of pediatricians in the United States. The AAP establishes the basic content and periodicity of well-child (health supervision) visits, develops policies regarding the provision of health care to all children, and administers programs to expand access to care for underserved populations (eg, the Breastfeeding Promotion in Pediatric Office Practices Program II, the Community Access to Child Health program, and the Healthy Tomorrows Partnerships for Children program). A set of resources for child health care professionals titled Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, 2nd edition, is available through the AAP; and Guidelines for the Care of Migrant Farmworkers’ Children was published by the AAP in 2000.
        141 Northwest Point Blvd
        Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098
        Telephone: 800-433-9016
        Web site:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: the lead federal agency responsible for the health and safety of the population. It provides grants to support the development of health promotion and disease-prevention programs and related research, establishes guidelines and credible information for the prevention and treatment of numerous infectious diseases (including immunization standards), and provides national focus for health promotion and education activities.
        Telephone: 800-311-3435
        Web site:
Food and nutrition resources
    United States Department of Agriculture: administers a number of food and nutrition services for vulnerable populations, including the federal food stamp program, the emergency food assistance program, national school nutrition program, and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) programs, as well as a number of housing programs for rural families.
        14th Street and Independence Avenue, SW
        Washington, DC 20250
        Telephone: 202-720-4323
        Food Stamps (toll free): 800-221-5689
        Web site:
    WIC: provides vouchers for specific supplemental foods, nutrition education, and referrals to health care and social service agencies for low-income women, infants, and children up to 5 years of age who are at nutritional risk.
        Web site:
    National School Lunch program and School Breakfast program: provide free breakfast and lunch to school-aged children in families with incomes less than 130% of the federal poverty line and reduced-cost breakfast and lunch to school-aged children in families with incomes between 130% and 185% of the federal poverty line.
        Web site:
    America’s Second Harvest: a national hunger-relief organization that distributes food through a nationwide network of more than 200 food banks and food-rescue programs.
        Web site:
Housing resources
    US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): administers public housing programs, which provide subsidized housing for indigent families. Local public housing authorities are available through the HUD Web site.
        451 7th St SW
        Washington, DC 20410
        Telephone: 202-708-1422
        Web site:
    National Low Income Housing Coalition: provides education, advocacy, and coalition building to ensure decent and affordable housing for everyone.
        1012 14th St NW, Suite 610
        Washington, DC 20005
        Telephone: 202-662-1530
        Fax: 202-393-1973
        Web site:
Cash assistance resources
    Office of Family Assistance: located within the US Department of Health and Human Services and administers the federal component of several cash and employment assistance programs for low-income children and their families. These services include the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program and the Earned Income Tax Credit program.
        Administration for Children and Families
        370 L’Enfant Promenade SW
        Washington, DC 20447
        Web site:
Legal resources
    A variety of public-interest law programs have been established to provide free or low-cost legal services, policy analysis and advocacy, technical assistance, and training on behalf of individuals and/or segments of vulnerable populations. These programs use the law to protect vulnerable populations from the harms caused by poverty, immigrant status, and other vulnerabilities.
        National Center for Youth Law
            405 14th St, 15th Floor, Suite 1500
            Oakland, CA 94612
            Telephone: 510-835-8098
            Fax: 510-835-8099
            E-mail: info{at}
            Web site:
        National Health Law Program
            National Web site:
            2639 S La Cienega Blvd
            Los Angeles, CA 90034-2675
            Telephone: 310-204-6010
            Fax: 310-204-0891
            E-mail: nhelp{at}
            1101 14th St NW, Suite 405
            Washington, DC 20005
            Telephone: 202-289-7661
            Fax: 202-289-7724
            E-mail: nhelpdc{at}
        National Immigration Law Center
            3435 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 2850
            Los Angeles, CA 90010
            Telephone: 213-639-3900
            Fax: 213-639-3911
            E-mail: info{at}
            Web site:
        National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty
            1411 K St NW, Suite 1400
            Washington, DC 20005
            Telephone: 202-638-2535
            Web site:
  • These resources are provided to assist the pediatrician in addressing the health needs and basic subsistence needs of children and families who are poor and underserved. These resources are not intended to be comprehensive but include a representation of key government and nonprofit programs and services for these populations.