TABLE 1

Children Who Should Be Screened for Chronic HBV Infection11

Children born in a country endemic for HBV, even if they received hepatitis B vaccine in their country of origin, including
    All of Asia
    All of Africa
    South- and mid-Pacific Islands
    Europe (Eastern and Mediterranean countries), Greenland, and Russia
    Middle East
    South America: Amazon Basin
    Caribbean
    Indigenous populations from the Arctic, Australia, and New Zealand
    Children born in the United States to immigrant parents from endemic areas
    Infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers
Children living in a household with an HBsAg-positive individual, including those children who received hepatitis B vaccine after birth who were not screened before vaccination