TABLE 4

Recommended Minimal Neuroimaging for Infants at Risk for PHACE Syndrome

Structural brain imaging
    Axial spin-echo T2
    Volumetric gradient-echo T1 (preferred) or axial spin-echo T1
    Axial diffusion-weighted imaging (this includes ADC mapping)
    Gadolinium-enhanced T1 in 2 planes (we do axial and coronal), preferably with fat suppression
Intracranial and cervical angiography
    Intracranial axial TOF MRA
    Contrast-enhanced MRA (preferred) or TOF MRA of the cervical vessels
  • ADC indicates apparent diffusion coefficient; TOF, time-of-flight.