TABLE 2

Demographic Characteristics of Children in Oregon's Food Stamp Population By USC Status

Independent CovariableChild Has Stable USC, Did not Change in Previous 12 mo (n = 1637), Weighted %Child Has Current USC but Had to Change in Previous 12 mo (n = 574), Weighted %Child Has No Current USC (n = 273), Weighted %
Total67.322.89.9
Child's age, y, weighted (N = 77 927)a,b
    1–476.314.59.2
    5–969.322.38.4
    10–1458.630.511.0
    15–1861.626.212.2
Race/ethnicity, weighted (combined variable; N = 77 927)a,b
    White, non-Hispanic64.926.19.0
    Hispanic, any race75.212.312.5
    Nonwhite, non-Hispanic69.219.511.3
Parental employment, weighted (N = 76 161)a,c
    Not employed72.218.89.1
    Employed60.828.310.9
Child's insurance type, weighted (N = 77 113)a,c
    Privately insured65.728.95.4
    Publicly insured71.421.37.3
    Not insured42.923.333.9
Parent's insurance type, weighted (N = 72 424)a,c
    Privately insured69.323.67.0
    Publicly insured71.520.97.6
    Not insured58.825.515.7
Monthly household income, weighted (N = 77 927)a,b
    <$50064.523.611.9
    $501–$100073.917.48.7
    $1001–$150070.522.57.0
    $1501–$200060.329.89.9
    >$200057.529.912.5
Child has special health care need(s), weighted (N = 73 824)c,d
    No68.721.310.0
    Yes59.331.49.3
  • Row percentage = 100% (may not be exact because of rounding to nearest 1/10th). Population number varies for each characteristic depending on the information available. The demographic data gathered from administrative files was more complete than the self-reported data. Total in sample with self-reported USC information: unweighted N = 2484; weighted N = 77927. Child has stable USC, no change in previous 12 months: unweighted N = 1637, weighted N = 52478 (67.3%). Child has current USC but had to change in previous 12 months: unweighted N = 574, weighted N = 17735 (22.8%). Child has no current USC: unweighted N = 273, weighted N = 7713 (9.9%).

  • a P < .01 in the χ2 analysis for overall differences between demographic subgroups.

  • b Demographic characteristic known from administrative data.

  • c Demographic characteristics known from self report.

  • d P < .05 in the χ2 analysis for overall differences between demographic subgroups.