TABLE 1

Comparing Children in Oregon's Food Stamp Population With National Estimates from Children in a Similar Income Category from the 2005 MEPS

Independent Covariable% of Children in Oregon Food Stamp Program (Families Earning <185% FPL) With Unmet Health Care Need (N = 2484), Unweighted (Weighted %)aOdds That Child in Oregon Food Stamp Program (Families <185% FPL) Had Unmet Health Care Need, Adjusted OR (95% CI)a% of Children (in US Families Earning <200% FPL) With Unmet Health Care Need (N = 5542), Unweighted (Weighted %)bOdds That Child (in US Families Earning <200% FPL) Had Unmet Health Care Need, Adjusted OR (95% CI)b
Total48.3NA41.1N/A
USC
    Child has current USC45.01.0037.31.00
    Child has no current USC77.83.13 (1.88–5.20)c67.52.65 (2.02–3.47)c
Child's age, yd
    1–4 (Oregon)/0–4 (United States)38.71.0030.91.00
    5–9 (both Oregon and United States)49.71.53 (1.10–2.14)c42.91.63 (1.34–1.98)c
    10–14 (Oregon)/10–13 (United States)55.12.14 (1.50–3.05)c42.41.55 (1.24–1.92)c
    15–18 (Oregon)/14–17 (United States)52.31.85 (1.23–2.78)c52.42.25 (1.81–2.79)c
Race/ethnicity (combined variable)
    White, non-Hispanic47.91.0044.71.00
    Hispanic, any race54.51.40 (0.99–1.98)38.91.16 (0.94–1.42)
    Nonwhite, non-Hispanic39.40.70 (0.43–1.15)40.10.96 (0.77–1.19)
Parental employment
    Not employed45.41.0041.61.00
    Employed52.11.13 (0.87–1.46)39.71.15 (0.99–1.35)
Child's insurance status
    Insured all year40.01.0037.11.00
    Not insured all year69.73.21 (2.38–4.33)c54.81.73 (1.38–2.16)c
Parent's insurance statuse
    Insured point-in-time (Oregon)/all year (United States)46.11.0038.11.00
    Not insured point-in-time (Oregon)/all year (United States)54.10.83 (0.62–1.10)44.50.94 (0.77–1.14)
Monthly Household income (Oregon)f
    <$50047.61.00
    $501–$100044.00.82 (0.59–1.15)NAN/A
    $1001–$150044.50.86 (0.59–1.26)
    $1501–$200058.41.55 (1.03–2.35)c
    >$200060.01.36 (0.87–2.13)
Family income as percentage of FPL (United States)f
    <100%41.61.00
    100% to <125%NANA43.31.03 (0.74–1.43)
    125% to <200%39.70.83 (0.69–1.02)
Child has special health care need(s)
    No47.81.0040.61.00
    Yes49.00.89 (0.61–1.31)41.21.01 (0.80–1.26)
  • FPL indicates federal poverty level; N/A, not applicable; NA, not available.

  • a Oregon Unmet Need Index Variable: child had at least 1 of 8 unmet needs (listed in Table 5).

  • b The MEPS Unmet Need Index Variable: child had at least 1 of 16 unmet needs (similar to Oregon items).

  • c Significant at the .05 level.

  • d The age categories were slightly different between the 2 data sets as indicated.

  • e The Oregon data set contained only point-in-time parental insurance status; we constructed a full-year insurance status variable from the MEPS data set.

  • f Household income was available in monetary increments from the Oregon data and as percentage of the FPL in the MEPS data set.