TABLE 4

Six-Month ORs Among Study Groups for Fever, Cough, Rhinorrhea, and Antibiotic Prescription, Adjusted for Age and Time Absent

Group ComparisonsFeverCoughRhinorrheaAny SymptomAntibiotics
Lactobacillus acidophilus vs placebo
    OR (95% CI)0.57 (0.44–0.90)0.59 (0.39–0.96)0.93 (0.57–1.49)1.09 (0.52–2.9)0.35 (0.15–0.55)
    P.015.028.69.86.0001
    Significant risk reduction, %4341NANA65
L acidophilus/Bifidobacterium lactis vs placebo
    OR (95% CI)0.34 (0.22–0.63)0.44 (0.28–0.78)0.52 (0.34–0.97)0.55 (0.28–0.99)0.23 (0.1–0.45)
    P.01.005.04.045<.0001
    Significant risk reduction, %6656484577
L acidophilus/B lactis vs L acidophilus
    OR (95% CI)0.74 (0.38–1.33)0.84 (0.46–1.40)0.65 (0.34–1.11)0.50 (0.26–0.98)0.66 (0.29–1.49)
    P.33.47.089.04.29
    Significant risk reduction, %NANANA50NA
  • NA indicates not applicable; CI, confidence interval.