TABLE 2

Approved Medical Devices That Are Commonly Used for Off-Label Pediatric Indications

DeviceLabeled IndicationsOff-Label Pediatric Applications
StentsBiliary tree stenosisPulmonary artery stenosis
Coronary artery diseaseCoarctation of the aorta
Systemic vein stenosis
Embolization coilsArteriovenous fistulaPatent ductus arteriosus
Dilation balloonsPulmonary valve stenosisAortic valve stenosis
Peripheral vascular diseasePulmonary artery stenosis
Coarctation of the aorta
Cutting balloonsArteriovenous dialysis fistula stenosisPulmonary artery stenosis
Radiofrequency perforation wireAtrial transseptal puncturePulmonary valve atresia