TABLE 1.

Comparison of Adolescents’ Estimates of Personal Risk and Benefit With Regular Versus Light Cigarettes: Mean-Level Analyses

Risk Estimates, Mean (SD)t Value
Regular CigarettesLight Cigarettes
Short-term cigarette use
    Risks
        Smell like an ashtray79.81 (27.29)79.04 (26.66)0.822
        Get a bad cough from smoking71.93 (28.17)69.97 (28.24)1.56
        Have trouble catching your breath71.56 (28.59)71.20 (27.85)0.325
        Have many really bad colds58.09 (30.42)60.07 (30.62)1.52
        Have bad breath78.43 (29.61)75.64 (29.74)2.16*
    Addiction
        Become addicted to cigarettes69.07 (30.30)66.98 (30.13)1.32
        Still be smoking in 5 y57.32 (32.42)59.76 (31.18)1.45
        Be able to quit smoking45.82 (32.98)50.19 (32.20)2.53
        How long will it take to become addicted2.98 (1.18)3.17 (1.15)3.73§
        How easy will it be for you to quit smoking3.64 (1.08)3.41 (1.06)4.59§
Long-term cigarette use
Risks
    Get lung cancer73.04 (25.22)70.89 (27.03)1.79
    Die from lung cancer68.80 (26.92)68.35 (26.87)0.356
    Get a bad cough from smoking75.52 (25.31)74.06 (25.60)1.45
    Have trouble catching your breath76.36 (24.16)74.69 (26.62)1.50
    Have a heart attack67.66 (25.51)65.15 (26.35)2.12*
    Get wrinkles on your face79.74 (24.13)78.44 (25.50)1.159
    Die from a smoking-related disease73.13 (25.36)70.53 (26.89)2.30*
  • * P < .05;

  • P < .01;

  • § P < .001;

  • P < .10.

  • Response scale for this question: will not happen (1); ≤1 month (2); 1 to 6 months (3); 7 to 11 months (4); 1 to 2 years (5); 3 to 4 years (6); ≥5 years (7).

  • Response scale for this question: very easy (1); somewhat easy (2); a little easy (3); not very easy (4); not at all easy (5).