TABLE 3

Alcohol Dependence, Heavy Drinking, and Risky Behavior After Drinking Between NESARC Waves 1 and 2, According to Age of Drinking Onset

Alcohol Dependence/ Abuse, OR (95% CI)aFrequency of ≥5 Drinks During Heaviest Drinking Period, OR (95% CI)bDrove Under the Influence of Alcohol, OR (95% CI)Put Self in Risky Situation After Drinking, OR (95% CI)
Age of drinking onset, y
    ≤142.0 (1.6–2.4)2.1 (1.8–2.4)1.8 (1.4–2.2)2.0 (1.4–3.0)
    15–162.0 (1.7–2.4)2.2 (1.9–2.5)2.3 (1.9–2.7)2.2 (1.5–3.0)
    17–181.6 (1.4–1.9)1.8 (1.6–2.0)1.7 (1.5–2.0)1.4 (1.1–2.0)
    19–201.3 (1.1–1.6)1.4 (1.2–1.6)1.5 (1.2–1.8)1.1 (0.7–1.8)
    ≥211.01.01.01.0
Age, y
    20–241.9 (1.6–2.4)4.7 (4.0–5.5)1.6 (1.2–2.0)6.5 (4.2–10.0)
    25–292.1 (1.8–2.6)4.1 (3.6–4.7)1.7 (1.4–2.1)4.2 (2.8–6.3)
    30–341.6 (1.3–1.9)3.3 (2.9–3.8)1.6 (1.3–1.9)3.4 (2.6–5.7)
    35–391.8 (1.5–2.1)2.8 (2.5–3.1)1.7 (1.5–2.1)3.8 (2.5–5.6)
    40–491.5 (1.3–1.8)2.3 (2.0–2.5)1.6 (1.4–1.8)2.9 (2.0–4.3)
    ≥501.01.01.01.0
Male2.5 (2.2–2.8)3.4 (3.1–3.6)2.5 (2.2–2.8)2.6 (2.1–3.3)
White1.01.01.01.0
Black0.8 (0.7–1.0)0.6 (0.5–0.7)0.9 (0.7–1.0)0.4 (0.3–0.6)
Hispanic0.8 (0.7–1.0)1.2 (1.0–1.3)0.8 (0.6–1.0)0.6 (0.5–0.9)
Never married1.7 (1.5–2.0)1.6 (1.4–1.8)1.6 (1.4–1.9)1.8 (1.3–2.3)
Separated/divorced1.6 (1.4–1.8)1.4 (1.2–1.5)1.6 (1.4–1.8)1.6 (1.2–2.1)
Smoking
    Current2.0 (1.8–2.2)2.4 (2.2–2.6)1.7 (1.5–1.9)1.9 (1.5–2.3)
    Past1.7 (1.1–2.7)1.8 (1.2–2.5)1.6 (0.8–3.5)
    Never1.01.01.01.0
Drug use
    Current3.4 (2.9–4.0)2.4 (2.1–2.8)3.0 (2.6–3.6)3.7 (2.9–4.7)
    Past2.8 (2.2–3.7)1.5 (1.2–1.8)2.2 (1.7–2.9)4.9 (3.3–7.2)
    Never1.01.01.01.0
Education
    High school1.3 (1.1–1.6)
    College1.3 (1.1–1.6)
    <High school1.0
Family history of alcoholism1.5 (1.3–1.6)1.1 (1.0–1.2)1.3 (1.1–1.4)1.7 (1.3–2.0)
Antisocial behavior before age 151.4 (1.2–1.6)1.3 (1.1–1.5)1.7 (1.3–2.3)
Major depression before age 140.7 (0.5–1.0)
  • All regressions controlled for age, gender, education, marital status, current and previous tobacco and drug use, family history of alcoholism, antisocial behavior, and major depression in childhood. All of these relationships were also statistically significant when respondents were reporting on the wave 1 survey year (data available upon request).

  • a Coded as dependence, abuse, or none.

  • b Coded as ≥1 per week, <1 per week, or none.