TABLE 2.

Hospital Characteristics for HLHS Patients ≤30 Days of Age at Admission

Hospital Characteristic>No. (%)P Value*
Overall HLHS (n = 550)>Surgical InterventionNo Surgery, Died (n = 106)
Norwood Procedure (n = 234)OHT (n = 17)
Hospital size (no. of beds).0035
    Small (1–299)115 (21)52 (22)3 (15)24 (23)
    Medium (300–499)176 (32)95 (41)8 (50)22 (21)
    Large (≥500)259 (47)87 (37)6 (34)60 (56)
Hospital ownership.01
    Government55 (10)22 (9)0 (0)7 (6)
    Private/not for profit479 (87)210 (89)17 (100)94 (89)
    Privately owned16 (2)2 ([lt]1)0 (0)5 (4)
Hospital location<.0001
    Rural11 (2)0 (0)0 (0)1 (1)
    Urban539 (98)234 (100)17 (100)105 (99)
Hospital teaching status<.0001
    Nonteaching143 (26)34 (15)7 (39)35 (33)
    Teaching407 (74)200 (85)10 (61)70 (66)
Hospital location/teaching status<.0001
    Rural11 (2)0 (0)0 (0)1 (1)
    Urban nonteaching132 (24)34 (15)7 (39)35 (33)
    Urban teaching407 (74)200 (85)10 (61)70 (66)
Children’s hospital status<.0001
    Not children’s hospital170 (30)33 (14)4 (27)38 (36)
    Children’s unit in hospital184 (34)79 (34)6 (34)37 (35)
    Children’s hospital196 (36)122 (52)7 (39)31 (29)
Region<.0001
    Northeast148 (27)87 (37)3 (20)13 (12)
    Midwest138 (25)53 (23)3 (16)33 (31)
    South83 (15)29 (12)4 (23)18 (17)
    West181 (33)65 (28)7 (41)42 (40)
  • * χ2/Fisher’s exact test.