TABLE 4.

Predictors of Health Care Expenditures, Out-of-Pocket Expenses, and Financially Burdensome Expenses Among Children With Disabilities: United States 1999 and 2000

CharacteristicsLog of Total Health Care Expenditures (Estimated Parameter [SE])Log of Out-of-Pocket Expenditures (Estimated Parameter [SE])Log of Out-of-Pocket Expenditures as a Percentage of Family Income (Estimated Parameter [SE])Out-of-Pocket Expenditures >5% Income (Estimated Parameter [SE])
Age, y
 0–5−0.56 (0.16)*−0.70 (0.09)*−0.73 (0.10)*−1.07 (0.56)
 6–110.01 (0.10)0.12 (0.11)0.05 (0.13)−0.38 (0.25)
 12–17
Gender
 Male−0.08 (0.09)0.19 (0.10)0.14 (0.12)−0.19 (0.32)
 Female
Race/ethnicity
 White non-Hispanic
 Black non-Hispanic−0.59 (0.09)*−0.97 (0.17)*−0.92 (0.17)*−1.04 (0.45)
 Other non-Hispanic−0.05 (0.56)−0.60 (0.57)−0.20 (0.71)−1.04 (0.45)
 Hispanic−0.23 (0.11)−0.35 (0.16)−0.26 (0.16)−1.04 (0.45)
Poverty status
 <200% FPL−0.21 (0.11)−0.88 (0.16)*1.00 (0.19)*3.01 (0.88)*
 200%–399% FPL−0.17 (0.12)−0.37 (0.11)*0.34 (0.12)*−0.07 (1.55)
 ≥400% FPL
Insurance status
 Uninsured
 Insured1.00 (0.12)*−0.61 (0.19)*−0.72 (0.31)−0.46 (0.68)
  • Ordinary least squares regression results presented in the first 3 columns; logistic regression results presented in the final column.

  • Source: 1999 and 2000 MEPS.

  • * Significant at the .01 level.

  • Significant at the .05 level.

  • All 3 racial and ethnic minority categories combined because of small cell sizes.