TABLE 4

Major Risk Factors for SIDS in Germany, Previously Reported

Major Risk Factors for SIDSCases, n (%)Controls, n (%)Univariate, OR (95% CI)Multivariate, OR (95% CI)a
Maternal age at delivery, <20 y60 (18.0)10.0 (1.0)50.0 (21.95–113.92)18.71 (6.00–58.32)
Family status, living alone68 (20.4)32 (3.2)7.45 (4.73–11.73)2.38 (1.10–5.12)
Lower SES164 (49.6)77 (7.7)31.58 (18.52–53.89)3.00 (1.35–6.69)
Maternal smoking during pregnancy, >20/d47 (14.1)19 (1.9)16.64 (8.93–30.99)3.43 (1.39–8.46)
Birth weight < 1500 g18 (5.4)6 (0.6)15.12 (5.83–39.22)10.67 (2.10–54.17)
Gestational age < 30 wk11 (3.3)6 (0.6)6.74 (2.46–18.49)
Sleep position
    Side97 (29.9)462 (46.5)1.12 (0.79–1.58)0.82 (0.52–1.28)
    Prone136 (42.0)41 (4.1)16.62 (10.38–26.61)6.08 (3.33–11.08)
Bed sharing, yes48 (14.4)89 (8.9)1.80 (1.21–2.66)2.71 (1.44–5.10)
Pillow in the infants bed, yes118 (35.9)200 (20.1)2.41 (1.80–3.23)1.03 (0.66–1.59)
Breast feeding for at least 2 wk, no168 (50.5)171 (17.1)5.36 (3.97–7.23)1.71 (1.06–2.77)
Extra heating during the last sleep, yes53 (16.1)90 (9.2)2.01 (1.37–2.96)1.70 (0.91–3.16)
  • a Adjusted for sleep position, maternal smoking during pregnancy, breastfeeding, family status, SES, maternal age at delivery, ethnicity, bed sharing, previous live births, birth weight, and extra heating of the infant.