TABLE 3

Social, Psychological, Cognitive, and Educational Outcomes for Case and Control Subjects

MeasureScore RangeCase (N = 101)Control (N = 101)P
SF-36-II score (higher score indicates better health status), mean ± SD
    Physical component summary score0–10048.4 ± 29.851.8 ± 26.0.4
    Mental component summary score0–10046.6 ± 30.253.5 ± 23.9.07
BDI-II score of >13, n (%)20 (20)12 (12).18
Fatigue (higher score indicates greater fatigue), mean ± SD
    Physical fatigue score0–219.0 ± 3.28.3 ± 3.1.13
    Mental fatigue score0–124.6 ± 1.94.0 ± 1.2.01
    Total fatigue score0–3313.6 ± 4.612.4 ± 3.8.04
Life stress score (higher score indicates greater stress), mean ± SD0–506.0 ± 4.07.1 ± 5.0.05
Social support score (higher score indicates greater support), mean ± SD
    Satisfaction score1–65.2 ± 0.95.5 ± 0.7.06
    Network score1–93.2 ± 1.43.6 ± 1.3.03
    Total score1–64.0 ± 1.14.4 ± 0.9.01
QoL score (higher score indicates better QoL)
    Compared with baseline, median (range) (for case subjects, before IMD)−5 to 5−0.10 (−4.9 to 2.94)0.96 (−3 to 3)<.0001
    Compared with peers, mean ± SD (for case subjects, those without IMD)−5 to 5−0.80 ± 1.37−0.31 ± 1.26<.001
Educational outcomes
    No. of passes achieved at GCSE level, mean ± SD0–138 ± 2.69 ± 2.8.02
    Proportion of subjects after secondary education without advanced level passes, %NA6450.07
    Proportion of subjects who failed examinations in previous year, %NA198.04
  • NA indicates not applicable.