TABLE 1

Covariates and Their Relationship to Movie Alcohol Exposure

Categorical VariablesMovie Alcohol Exposure Quartile
1, n (Column %)2, n (Column %)3, n (Column %)4, n (Column %)
No. of students677 (25)677 (25)677 (25)677 (25)
Age, y
    10–11209 (31)158 (24)125 (18)71 (11)
    12266 (39)245 (36)232 (34)214 (32)
    13130 (19)178 (26)213 (32)223 (32)
    14–1672 (11)96 (14)107 (16)169 (25)
Gender
    Female402 (59)339 (50)342 (50)326 (48)
    Male275 (41)338 (50)335 (50)351 (52)
School type
    Gymnasium (SES = mid to high)359 (53)343 (51)302 (45)268 (40)
    Realschule (SES = mid)138 (20)144 (21)151 (22)143 (21)
    Gesamtschule (SES = mixed)a66 (10)53 (8)63 (9)41 (6)
    Hauptschule (SES = low)114 (17)137 (20)161 (24)225 (33)
Parent drinking pattern
    Never74 (11)72 (11)73 (11)75 (11)
    Once a year122 (18)137 (20)119 (18)145 (22)
    Once a month257 (38)239 (35)240 (35)223 (33)
    Once a week184 (27)203 (30)207 (30)205 (30)
    Every day40 (6)26 (4)38 (6)29 (4)
Friend drinking
    None558 (82)517 (76)470 (69)391 (58)
    Some113 (17)148 (22)189 (28)257 (38)
    Most/all6 (1)12 (2)18 (3)29 (4)
School performance
    Excellent110 (16)93 (14)49 (7)65 (10)
    Good328 (49)325 (48)316 (47)295 (43)
    Average/poor239 (35)259 (38)312 (46)317 (47)
Television in bedroom
    None451 (67)352 (52)292 (43)231 (34)
    Has television in bedroom226 (33)325 (48)385 (57)446 (66)
Continuous variablesMean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
    Television timeb0.43 (0.20)0.49 (0.20)0.52 (0.20)0.58 (0.20)
    Sensation seeking/rebelliousnessb0.45 (0.30)0.55 (0.33)0.61 (0.32)0.71 (0.37)
    Parenting styleb2.31 (0.41)2.24 (0.41)2.20 (0.41)2.14 (0.43)
  • a Gesamtschule is an experimental school category. In Gesamtschule schools, there is a mix of pupils from the other 3 types of schools, so these schools tend to have an equal proportion of pupils from the “Gymnasium,” the “Realschule,” and the “Hauptschule” school populations.

  • b Overall means: time spent watching television, 0.51 (SD: 0.21 [range: 0–1]); sensation seeking/rebelliousness, 0.58 (SD: 0.34 [range: 0–2.25]); parenting style, 2.22 (SD: 0.42 [range: 0.4–3]).