TABLE 2.

Regression Results for 2 Models, Differing by Early Childhood Time Period Considered

Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Age “1” (n = 1278)Age “3” (n = 1345)
Variables measured in early childhood (at age “1” or age “3”)
 Television hours watched per day1.09 (1.03–1.15)1.09 (1.02–1.16)
 Emotional support score0.82 (0.66–1.04)0.81 (0.65–1.01)
 Cognitive stimulation score0.84 (0.65–1.07)0.79 (0.61–1.00)
Variables measured at index
 Child’s age, mo1.03 (0.99–1.07)1.04 (1.00–1.09)
 Mother’s age, y1.02 (0.91–1.14)0.94 (0.84–1.05)
 Maternal education, y0.91 (0.82–1.02)0.95 (0.85–1.06)
Maternal psychopathology variables
 Maternal CES-D, 19921.03 (1.01–1.05)1.03 (1.01–1.05)
 Maternal self-esteem, 19871.36 (1.07–1.73)1.30 (1.01–1.69)
  • CI indicates confidence interval.

    Also adjusted for race/ethnicity, gender, gestational age, maternal alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, number of children in household, number of parents in household, urban versus rural residence, and index year.