TABLE 1

Univariate Relationships Between Types of Neonatal Infections and Outcomes at 18 Months

Type of InfectionPoor 18-mo Outcome: Death or Neurosensory ImpairmentComponents of Poor 18-mo Outcome: Death and Individual Impairments, n/N (%)
n/N (%)OR (95% CI)PDeathCPMDI < 70DeafBlind
Sepsis
    Present161/378 (43)1.7 (1.3–2.2)<.000123/394 (5.8)56/369 (15)106/351 (30)12/359 (3.3)10/368 (2.7)
    Absent172/566 (30)14/596 (2.3)57/575 (10)129/550 (23)8/563 (1.4)6/569 (1.1)
Meningitis
    Present16/22 (73)5.1 (2.0–13.1).00082/24 (8.3)4/21 (19)12/19 (63)1/21 (4.8)1/21 (4.8)
    Absent317/922 (34)35/966 (3.6)109/923 (12)223/882 (25)19/901 (2.1)15/916 (1.6)
NEC
    Present43/83 (52)2.1 (1.4–3.3).00129/86 (10)11/77 (13)30/74 (41)2/73 (2.7)0/77 (0.0)
    Absent290/861 (34)28/904 (3.1)102/867 (12)205/827 (25)18/849 (2.1)16/860 (1.9)
Any infection
    Present177/414 (43)1.8 (1.4–2.4)<.000124/432 (5.6)59/405 (15)121/386 (31)12/393 (3.1)10/404 (2.5)
    Absent156/530 (29)13/558 (2.3)54/539 (10)114/515 (22)8/529 (1.5)6/533 (1.1)
  • CP indicates cerebral palsy; MDI, Mental Development Index.