TABLE 1

Mild-to-Moderate Hypertension in Children: Clinical and Laboratory Features (n = 220)

ParameterValue%
Clinical
    Demographics
        Age, mean ± SD, y13.3 ± 4.4
        Weight, mean ± SD, kg69.3 ± 30.4
        Height, mean ± SD, cm158.0 ± 30.0
        BMI, mean ± SD, kg/m226.1 ± 6.7
        Male/female156:64
    Symptoms41 (220)19
        Headache146
        Chest pain42
        Fatigue42
        Other199
    Family history153 (220)70
    BP, mean ± SD, mm Hg
        SBP130.0 ± 17.0
        DBP72.0 ± 11.0
Laboratory
    Serum electrolytes, mean ± SD
        SUN, mg/dL12.0 ± 4.0 (179)0
        Serum creatinine, mg/dL0.8 ± 0.2 (179)0
        eGFR135.0 ± 37.0 (179)0
        K+, mmol/L4.3 ± 0.4 (178)0
        HCO3, mmol/L25.0 ± 7.0 (178)3
    Cholesterol, mg/dL168.0 ± 33.0 (140)42
    Urinalysis
        Hematuria9 (210)4
        Proteinuria (after repeat test)0 (210)0
    ABPM, mean ± SD, mm Hg
        24-h SBP124.0 ± 11.0 (75)
        24-h DBP71.0 ± 9.2 (75)
  • Values in parentheses represent the number of patients who had the specific test.