TABLE 2

Mental Health Characteristics of Young Adults Who Had Esotropia or Exotropia as Children and Control Subjects

CharacteristicNo. (%)
Strabismus (N = 407)Esotropia (N = 266)Exotropia (N = 141)
CaseControlPCaseControlPCaseControlP
No. of patients with mental illness168 (41.3)125 (30.7).002a93 (35)87 (32.7).6575 (53.2)38 (27)<.001a
Total no. of disorders406283.003a220195.4318688<.001a
No. of patients using psychiatric medications92 (31.6)74 (21.4).00451 (27.1)49 (20.9).1741 (38.3)25 (22.3).01
No. of patients with psychiatric emergency department visits35 (9.9)24 (6.3).0814 (6.2)13 (5.3).7021 (16.4)11 (8.0).04
No. of patients with psychiatric inpatient admissions27 (7.6)15 (3.9).0413 (5.8)8 (3.2).2614 (10.9)7 (5.1).11
No. of patients with suicide attempts12 (3.4)8 (2.1).365 (2.2)4 (1.6).747 (5.5)4 (2.9).36
No. of patients with suicidal ideation40 (11.4)16 (4.2)<.001a19 (8.5)10 (4.1).0521 (16.4)6 (4.4).002a
  • P values were obtained by using Fisher's exact test.

  • a P values remained significant even after adjustment for family history variables in logistic regression analyses.