TABLE 2.

Barriers to Counseling Regarding Maternal and/or Newborn HIV Screening

% of Pediatricians Reporting
AgreeNeutralDisagree
Low prevalence of HIV infection in the pediatrician’s practice area65.414.819.8
Parents do not fit the profile of those “at risk” for HIV infection56.114.729.2
Fear of offending the parents50.219.031.1
Parental lack of understanding about the importance to the infant of HIV screening50.119.630.2
Lack of sufficient time for counseling and consent44.421.234.4
Risk of social stigmatization and discrimination32.525.541.9
Pediatricians’ insufficient knowledge regarding issues surrounding postpartum and newborn HIV screening31.326.242.4
Lack of confidence in ability to manage infants with HIV27.521.151.3