TABLE 1

Characteristics of Influenza-Associated Pediatric Deaths: United States, 2004–2007

CharacteristicSeasona
2004–2005 (N = 47)2005–2006 (N = 46)2006–2007 (N = 73)
Male, n (%)26 (55)26 (57)41 (56)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)
    White22 (47)10 (22)38 (52)
    Black7 (15)11 (24)13 (18)
    Asian/Pacific Islander2 (4)7 (15)3 (4)
    Hispanic12 (25)13 (28)12 (17)
    Native American/Alaska Native0 (0)1 (2)1 (1)
    Unknown4 (9)4 (9)6 (8)
Age group, n (%)b
    0–5 mo8 (17)8 (17)11 (15)
    6–23 mo4 (8)13 (28)10 (14)
    24–59 mo9 (20)5 (10)10 (14)
    5–8 y10 (22)9 (19)15 (21)
    9–12 y7 (15)6 (13)15 (21)
    13–17 y8 (17)5 (10)12 (16)
Age, median (range), y5 (0–17)3 (0–17)7 (0–17)
Time from onset to death, median (range), d4 (0–69)3 (0–33)4 (0–37)
Died in emergency department or at home, n (%)16 (34)23 (50)32 (44)
ACIP-defined high-risk condition, n (%)26 (55)22 (48)26 (35)
≥1 influenza vaccination this season for children with age or medical indication for vaccination, n/N (%)c9/27 (33)5/29 (24)4/34 (9)
  • a Season defined as October 1 to September 30 of the following year.

  • b One case missing age in 2004–2005 season.

  • c Of 18 children vaccinated, 5 were fully vaccinated, 6 were fully vaccinated by history, 3 were partially vaccinated, and 4 were partially vaccinated with missing information.