TABLE 1.

Prevalence of OM, Early-Onset OM, and Repeated OM, for Select Characteristics, NHANES III, 1988–1994

OMEarly-Onset OMRepeated OM
%95% CI%95% CI%95% CI
Overall68.2(66.3, 70.1)43.5(41.6, 45.4)38.0(35.7, 40.4)
Personal characteristics
 Age***
  2–11 mo34.1(31.7, 36.5)33.7(31.3, 36.1)8.2(6.9, 9.5)
  1 y71.8(68.9, 74.7)56.8(52.9, 60.7)36.1(32.8, 39.3)
  2 y74.7(72.0, 77.3)49.3(45.3, 53.3)43.0(38.5, 47.4)
  3 y75.7(71.8, 79.6)41.1(37.1, 45.0)43.6(39.3, 48.0)
  4 y70.7(66.5, 75.0)36.7(32.8, 40.6)44.3(39.3, 49.3)
  5 y77.2(73.1, 81.3)41.4(35.0, 47.8)48.8(43.9, 53.7)
 Sex*
  Male69.9(67.2, 72.6)45.9(43.4, 48.4)41.1(38.2, 44.0)
  Female66.4(63.8, 69.0)41.0(38.5, 43.5)34.8(32.1, 37.5)
 Race/ethnicity***
  White73.8(71.6, 76.0)49.2(47.0, 51.4)45.4(42.3, 48.4)
  Black59.3(56.5, 62.0)33.4(30.4, 36.4)24.7(21.6, 27.8)
  Other42.6(25.3, 60.0)22.3(8.6, 36.1)15.9(2.3, 29.5)
  Hispanic62.3(59.4, 65.1)37.2(33.9, 40.5)28.4(25.4, 31.3)
Household characteristics
 Family poverty status***
  Below poverty61.5(57.4, 65.7)37.5(34.5, 40.6)31.4(27.5, 35.3)
  At or above poverty71.6(69.4, 73.8)46.4(44.0, 48.8)41.7(39.3, 44.1)
 Urban residence
  Urban66.2(63.1, 69.3)40.8(38.2, 43.5)35.2(32.1, 38.2)
  Nonurban70.3(67.1, 73.4)46.2(43.2, 49.2)40.9(37.1, 44.7)
 Region of the country
  Northeast71.0(67.1, 74.8)43.9(39.8, 48.0)40.1(33.1, 47.1)
  Midwest70.6(66.8, 74.4)45.6(42.8, 48.3)40.1(37.3, 42.9)
  South67.4(64.5, 70.4)44.1(40.1, 48.0)37.3(33.5, 41.1)
  West64.7(59.4, 70.0)40.2(37.5, 42.9)35.2(29.2, 41.2)
 Head of household education***
  <High school graduate63.7(59.6, 67.8)40.4(36.5, 44.3)33.6(29.3, 38.0)
  High school graduate67.2(64.2, 70.1)41.4(38.7, 44.0)36.7(34.0, 39.4)
  >High school graduate71.8(68.5, 75.0)47.2(43.9, 50.4)41.9(38.3, 45.4)
 Fireplace use past 12 mo**
  Yes76.0(72.8, 79.2)48.2(43.7, 52.7)44.3(40.0, 48.5)
  No66.1(64.0, 68.1)42.1(40.0, 44.2)36.3(33.8, 38.8)
 Child care attendance***
  ≥10 h/wk81.3(79.2, 83.4)51.0(47.2, 54.8)50.6(46.9, 54.2)
  <10 h/wk78.2(72.8, 83.7)42.2(34.9, 49.4)50.9(42.9, 58.8)
  No child care60.6(58.2, 63.0)40.3(38.2, 42.3)30.2(28.4, 32.1)
Health characteristics
 Stuffy, itchy, runny nose past 12 mo***
  Yes74.7(72.8, 76.6)48.9(46.6, 51.1)43.9(41.4, 46.5)
  No56.0(52.4, 59.7)33.6(29.7, 37.4)26.9(23.3, 30.5)
 Watery, itchy eyes past 12 mo***
  Yes77.1(74.9, 79.3)51.5(48.7, 54.4)47.6(43.8, 51.4)
  No64.2(61.9, 66.5)40.0(37.6, 42.4)33.7(31.3, 36.2)
 Smoked during pregnancy*
  Yes71.5(68.2, 74.7)47.9(43.6, 52.2)44.3(39.7, 48.9)
  No67.2(64.9, 69.5)42.3(40.1, 44.5)36.2(33.8, 38.6)
 Age stopped breastfeeding*
  Never breastfed66.1(63.4, 68.9)41.6(38.9, 44.3)36.6(33.2, 40.0)
  ≤3 mo69.6(66.6, 72.7)48.6(45.2, 51.9)38.2(34.6, 41.8)
  >3 mo71.2(67.3, 75.1)42.8(39.2, 46.4)40.6(35.8, 45.3)
 Ever have asthma***
  Yes81.8(76.7, 86.8)56.1(49.2, 63.1)52.1(45.0, 59.3)
  No67.4(65.4, 69.4)42.7(40.8, 44.6)37.1(34.7, 39.5)
 Have a particular place for health care***
  Yes69.0(67.0, 71.0)44.3(42.4, 46.2)38.5(36.2, 40.8)
  No53.7(46.7, 60.7)28.2(21.8, 34.7)28.8(23.0, 34.7)
  • * P value <.05 for comparison of characteristic with OM, early-onset OM, or repeated OM.