TABLE 2.

Hospital Type and Size, Expected Primary Payer, Median Household Income by Patient’s Zip Code, Length of Stay, and Total Charges for KS-Associated Hospitalizations Among Children <5 Years of Age, United States, 1997 and 2000

Characteristic19972000
Number of Hospitalizations (SE)*Percent of Hospitalizations*Number of Hospitalizations (SE)*Percent of Hospitalizations*
Total3361 (64)1003277 (57)100
Hospital type
 Urban teaching2127 (47)63.32524 (45)77.4
 Urban nonteaching1034 (43)30.8580 (29)17.8
 Rural
Hospital size
 Small833 (34)24.8481 (27)14.8
 Medium951 (44)28.31125 (38)34.5
 Large1577 (47)46.91656 (44)50.8
Median household income by patient zip code
 $0–25 000868 (50)27.1219 (19)6.8
 $25 001–30 000525 (37)16.4795 (41)24.6
 $30 001–35 000516 (36)16.1821 (44)25.4
 >$35 0001299 (48)40.51394 (50)43.2
Primary payer
 Medicaid972 (49)29.0951 (45)29.1
 Private insurance/HMO2114 (60.8)63.12113 (57)64.7
 Self-pay129 (17)3.9
Mean (Minimum, Maximum)Median (Quartiles)Mean (Minimum, Maximum)Median (Quartiles)
Length of stay, days3.5 (0, 54)3 (2, 4)3.4 (0, 76)3 (2, 4)
Total charges$9133 ($1, $463 993)$6505 ($4250, $9889)$10 725 ($428, $584 958)$7779 ($4998, $11 854)
  • SE indicates standard error; HMO, health maintenance organization.

  • * Some characteristics were not fully reported. Percentage is based on the number of hospitalizations with the reported information.

  • Data for rural hospitals not presented because there were <70 unweighted hospitalizations. In 1997, the self-pay category had <70 unweighted hospitalizations and all other payer categories had <70 unweighted hospitalizations in both 1997 and 2000.

  • For rural hospitals, small = 1–49 beds, medium = 50–99 beds, and large = 100+ beds. For urban nonteaching hospitals, small = 1–99 beds, medium = 100–199 beds, and large = 200+ beds. For urban teaching hospitals, small = 1–299 beds, medium = 300–499 beds, and large = 500+ beds.