TABLE 1

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Young Children Reported to the CWS

CharacteristicTotalPrevalence, % (SE)
n% (SE)Ever Had Chronic Health ConditionEver Had Special NeedEver Had SHCN
Total549610027.9 (1.5)33.2 (2.1)50.3 (2.3)
Gender
    Male273050.1 (1.8)30.1 (2.4)39.6 (2.8)a56.3 (3.3)a
    Female276649.9 (1.8)25.8 (1.6)26.9 (1.9)a44.3 (2.2)a
Age at baseline, y
    0–2199618.9 (0.9)33.4 (2.7)b18.0 (2.0)a42.0 (2.3)c
    3–583220.5 (1.2)32.0 (3.4)b31.8 (3.2)a51.4 (3.4)c
    6–10149236.2 (1.5)23.2 (2.2)b37.9 (3.4)a51.4 (4.1)c
    ≥11102824.4 (1.1)27.3 (2.8)b39.3 (3.5)a54.2 (3.3)c
Race and ethnicity
    White236147.0 (3.5)31.9 (2.3)36.9 (1.9)55.5 (2.2)
    Black176627.9 (2.8)25.4 (2.0)32.1 (2.9)47.8 (3.1)
    Hispanic95518.2 (2.4)22.9 (2.9)26.9 (5.4)41.6 (5.5)
    Other3996.9 (0.8)24.9 (4.4)30.5 (5.3)48.7 (5.8)
Household poverty status (baseline)
    Living at or below federal poverty level210248.6 (2.1)30.3 (2.1)38.9 (2.4)d56.1 (2.2)
    Living above federal poverty level223951.4 (2.1)28.0 (2.4)32.1 (2.8)d49.7 (3.7)
Most serious type of maltreatment
    Physical115725.2 (1.3)26.4 (2.6)37.8 (2.9)53.4 (2.9)
    Physical neglect (failure to provide)114718.0 (1.4)26.8 (2.7)32.7 (3.6)49.6 (3.3)
    Neglect (lack of supervision)130525.2 (1.6)29.6 (3.0)32.1 (2.6)49.8 (3.4)
    All otherse188731.6 (2.1)28.5 (2.4)30.8 (2.6)48.6 (3.4)
Substantiation
    Yes225326.2 (1.8)29.6 \(2.8)34.1 (3.1)50.9 (3.8)
    No279973.8 (1.8)27.5 (1.8)33.1 (2.2)50.1 (2.5)
Placement setting at last interview
    In-home biological parents, never placed301573.9 (1.4)27.3 (1.5)31.7 (2.4)a48.9 (2.6)f
    In-home biological parents, placed at least once7799.4 (0.8)28.9 (3.6)34.0 (3.3)a51.1 (3.7)f
    In-home adoptive parents3632.4 (0.4)39.2 (6.7)50.9 (6.6)a66.9 (6.0)f
    In-home kinship care7058.8 (0.8)29.9 (4.3)30.3 (3.8)a49.6 (4.6)f
    Foster care6345.6 (0.6)27.4 (3.3)49.6 (4.3)a61.4 (4.4)f
  • All of the percentages are weighted; the numbers are unweighted. The P values reported here were obtained from the χ2 testing for differences across all of the categories of a given variable. Specific comparisons of pairs (eg, white children compared with Hispanic children) were also tested, but for clarity these results are excluded from the table and reported in the text instead.

  • a P < .001.

  • b P = .0035

  • c P = .0036.

  • d P = .0488.

  • e Because of small numbers, case subjects whose most serious type of reported maltreatment was abandonment, moral/legal maltreatment, educational maltreatment, exploitation, or other were classified as “all others.”

  • f P = .0272.