TABLE 3.

Predictors of Breastfeeding Discontinuation at 2 and 12 Weeks in Multivariate Models

Timing of InterviewPredictorOdds of Breastfeeding Discontinuation at
2 Weeks (OR [95% CI])12 Weeks (OR [95% CI])
1–2 dLower maternal education*1.5 (1.2–1.9)1.24 (1.04–1.48)
Decreasing maternal age1.1 (0.89–1.31)1.22 (1.05–1.42)
Lower household income1.0 (0.88–1.22)1.23 (1.08–1.39)
Asian§2.6 (1.1–5.7)2.3 (1.1–4.93)
Lack of confidence in ability to breastfeed2.8 (1.02–7.6)1.2 (0.84–1.7)
Perceived breastfeeding importance0.29 (0.14–0.58)0.24 (0.11–0.53)
2 wkLack of support from father of infant#1.7 (0.99–2.91)1.1 (0.66–1.9)
Problems breastfeeding current infant at 2–3 d**1.5 (1.1–1.97)1.2 (0.94–1.6)
Maternal depressive symptoms††1.07 (0.88–1.3)1.18 (1.01–1.37)
12 wkEncouraged to breastfeed by health care provider‡‡NA0.56 (0.37–0.84)
Returned to work/school#NA2.4 (1.75–3.30)
Problems breastfeeding at work/school#NA3.2 (1.90–5.39)
  • * Education, measured as the highest grade or year completed in school, used as interval variable with 6 intervals.

  • Odds of breastfeeding discontinuation for every 5-year decrease in age.

  • Household income, measured as category that best described their total household income in 1995, before taxes.

  • § Respondents were categorized as white (non-Hispanic), black, Hispanic, Asian, multicultural white, or other (categorization algorithm available on request). White mothers used as reference group.

  • Measured as a 4-category variable, not confident at all, not very confident, somewhat confident, and very confident, and recategorized as a binary variable, very confident and not very confident.

  • Measured as a 4-category variable, not very important, somewhat important, very important, and extremely important, and recategorized as a binary variable, very important and not important.

  • # Binary variable, yes or no.

  • ** Binary variable measured as any problems breastfeeding their infant at 1 to 2 days.

  • †† Scores on CES-D, by quartiles.

  • ‡‡ Response categories were yes, no, or don’t know. Mothers were not asked when they received encouragement.