TABLE 2

Family Meal Practices, Home Food Availability, and Parental Encouragement of Adolescent Behaviors According to Parental Perceptions of Adolescent Weight Status for Overweight Adolescents Who Participated in Project EAT I

Parent Does Not Perceive Teen as OverweightParent Perceives Teen as OverweightP
Boys, n8959
    Family meal practices, %
        Family meal frequency (>4 times per week)60.261.2.916
        Fast food for family meal (≥1 times per week)55.762.7.502
        Often watch television during meals (agree or strongly agree)54.148.2.566
    Home food environment, %
        Soda-pop availability at home (always)35.134.9.981
        Chocolate/candy availability at home (always)7.05.9.828
        Salty snack availability at home (always)17.513.7.623
        Fruit/vegetable availability at home (always)67.159.7.444
        Vegetables served at dinner (always)60.046.4.185
    Parental encouragement, %
        Encourage child to eat healthfully (always)68.058.3.325
        Encourage child to be physically active (always)75.471.0.629
        Encourage child to diet to control weight (at least somewhat)28.259.1.001
Girls, n7386
    Family meal practices, %
        Family meal frequency (>4 times per week)53.650.0.702
        Fast food for family meal (≥1 times per week)70.069.8.975
        Often watch television during meals (agree or strongly agree)57.652.7.614
    Home food environment, %
        Soda-pop availability at home (always)41.949.0.434
        Chocolate/candy availability at home (always)9.76.3.506
        Salty snack availability at home (always)16.417.4.888
        Fruit/vegetable availability at home (always)62.970.9.329
        Vegetables served at dinner (always)56.959.2.806
    Parental encouragement, %
        Encourage child to eat healthfully (always)73.765.6.357
        Encourage child to be physically active (always)68.068.0.999
        Encourage child to diet to control weight (at least somewhat)32.957.1<.001
  • Percentages were adjusted for family SES, parent gender, parent BMI, adolescent age, and adolescent BMI.