TABLE 5

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of 46 Persons With TB Who Were Identified as the Source of Transmission for 52 Children With TB Enrolled in the Observational Study

Source Case Characteristicn (N%)
Gender
 Male18 (39)
 Female28 (61)
Age at treatment initiation, median (IQR)30.9 (25.2–39.6)
Country or world region of birth
 United States4 (9)
 Latin America/South America/Caribbean9 (20)
 Mexico24 (52)
 Sub-Saharan Africa3 (6)
 South Asia/East Asia/Pacific6 (13)
Speaks English “not at all”15 (33)
Sputum smear positive for acid-fast bacilli41 (89)
Sputum culture positive for TB45 (98)
Chest radiograph abnormality
 Cavitary28 (61)
 Noncavitary consistent with TB17 (37)
 Unknown1 (2)
Reason for seeking care
 Symptoms37 (80)
 Contact investigation7 (15)
 Other (regular check-up and pregnancy/child birth)2 (4)
Reported cough
 Yes42 (91)
 No4 (9)
Years from source case’s US entry to TB treatment initiation (N = 42), median (IQR)5.3 (2.7–13.1)
Days from source case’s onset of symptoms to treatment initiation (N = 41); median (IQR)105 (72–190)
Days from source case’s onset of symptoms to child’s TB treatment initiation (N = 47),a median (IQR)132 (101–212)
Days from source case’s TB treatment initiation to child’s TB treatment initiation (N = 52),a median (IQR)11.5 (1–33.5)
Visa status at interview (N = 42)
 Undocumented16 (38)
 Temporary5 (12)
 Permanent18 (43)
 Unknown3 (7)
Overseas medical examination before US entry (N = 42)
 Yes10 (24)
 No29 (69)
 Unknown3 (7)
US medical examination to change visa (N = 42)
 Yes5 (12)
 No37 (88)
  • a Multiple children infected by source case.