TABLE 2

Characteristics of Patients With Data From Both the Medical Chart and Health Questionnaire, Prevalence (%) of DKA at Diabetes Diagnosis, and Unadjusted ORs for DKA

CharacteristicDistribution %Prevalence of DKA
n/NPrevalence %OR95% CI
AllNA531/195827.1NANA
Age at diagnosis, y
    0–417.6131/34438.13.92.6–5.8
    5–928.6151/56027.02.41.6–3.4
    10–1439.2210/76727.42.41.7–3.5
    15–1914.739/28713.61.0Referent
Gender
    Female50.5264/98826.71.00.8–1.2
    Male49.5267/97027.51.0Referent
Race/ethnicitya
    American Indian1.98/3721.60.70.3–1.6
    Asian or Pacific Islander3.512/6917.40.60.3–1.1
    Black12.770/24828.21.00.8–1.4
    Hispanic12.965/25325.70.90.7–1.3
    Non-Hispanic white65.3349/127827.31.0Referent
Clinical diabetes type
    184.6497/165630.01.0Referent
    214.431/28311.00.30.2–0.4
    Other/unknown1.03/1915.80.40.1–1.5
Family history of diabetesa
    Yes59.2281/113924.71.0Referent
    No40.8245/78431.31.41.1–1.7
Household income, in $
    Not available9.251/18026.71.51.0–2.2
    <35 00026.1162/50831.91.71.3–2.4
    35 000–49 99913.586/26332.71.81.2–2.6
    50 000–74 99919.289/37323.71.20.8–1.7
    75 000–99 99914.670/28424.71.20.8–1.8
    ≥100 00017.472/33921.21.0Referent
Insurance typea
    Private only67.0321/130324.61.0Referent
    Private and something else7.544/14530.31.30.9–1.9
    Medicaid19.7127/38433.11.51.2–1.9
    Other3.922/7629.01.20.7–2.1
    None1.913/3834.21.60.8–3.1
Parents’ highest educationa
    Less than high school9.255/17930.71.51.1–2.2
    High school graduate23.1135/44930.11.51.0–2.2
    Some college/AA/trade or technical34.9194/67928.61.41.0–2.0
    College graduate or more32.6143/63522.51.0Referent
  • AA indicates associate of arts; NA, not applicable.

  • a Race/ethnicity was multiple, other, or missing in 74 subjects (3.8%); family history of diabetes was missing in 35 subjects (1.8%), as were insurance type in 12 (0.6%) and parents’ highest education in 16 (0.8%).