TABLE 3.

Prevalence and Adjusted OR* of Initiation of Illicit Drugs During Early Adolescence (≤14 Years) and Lifetime Use of Illicit Drugs by Category of ACE

Category of ACEInitiation of Illicit Drug Use
N%≤14 Years OR%Lifetime OR
Abuse
 Emotional
  No77372.41.0 (Referent)16.91.0 (Referent)
  Yes8767.02.4 (1.8–3.4)33.22.1 (1.7–2.5)
 Physical
  No63412.21.0 (Referent)15.11.0 (Referent)
  Yes22724.61.8 (1.4–2.4)28.02.0 (1.8–2.3)
 Sexual
  No68042.11.0 (Referent)16.11.0 (Referent)
  Yes18095.82.8 (2.1–3.7)27.82.0 (1.8–2.3)
Neglect
 Emotional
  No73422.31.0 (Referent)16.91.0 (Referent)
  Yes12715.72.4 (1.8–3.3)27.71.8 (1.6–2.1)
 Physical
  No77592.61.0 (Referent)18.41.0 (Referent)
  Yes8545.32.5 (1.8–3.7)19.91.3 (1.1–1.6)
Household dysfunction
 Mentally ill household member
  No68662.01.0 (Referent)15.61.0 (Referent)
  Yes17476.02.3 (1.8–3.1)29.91.9 (1.7–2.2)
 Witnessed violence against mother
  No74912.41.0 (Referent)17.31.0 (Referent)
  Yes11226.02.1 (1.5–2.9)27.11.6 (1.4–1.9)
 Substance abuse in home
  No61841.31.0 (Referent)13.61.0 (Referent)
  Yes24296.83.7 (2.8–4.9)31.22.1 (1.8–2.4)
 Parental separation/divorce
  No65351.71.0 (Referent)15.41.0 (Referent)
  Yes20786.52.5 (1.9–3.4)28.31.7 (1.5–1.9)
 Incarcerated household member
  No80982.51.0 (Referent)17.81.0 (Referent)
  Yes5158.73.3 (2.2–4.8)29.91.9 (1.5–2.4)
Total86132.818.5
  • * ORs adjusted for gender baseline age, race, and educational attainment.