TABLE 1.

Prevalence of Each Category of ACE and ACE Score by Gender

Category of ACEPrevalence (%)
WomenMenTotal
(n = 4665)(n = 3948)(n = 8613)
Abuse
 Emotional12.27.810.2
 Physical25.127.926.4
 Sexual24.317.121.0
Neglect
 Emotional16.712.414.8
 Physical9.210.79.9
Household dysfunction
 Battered mother13.912.013.0
 Parental separation or divorce25.422.624.1
 Mental illness in household25.314.320.3
 Household substance abuse30.525.528.2
 Incarcerated household member6.94.96.0
ACE score
 031.334.232.7
 124.227.325.6
 214.816.415.5
 310.49.39.9
 46.84.85.9
 ≥512.58.010.5