TABLE 5.

Daily Intake of Energy and Nutrients as Evaluated by a Food Frequency Questionnaire in Week 35 of Pregnancy (Mean [SD])

Cod Liver Oil (n = 39)Corn Oil (n = 31)
Energy (MJ)9.2 (2.7)8.9 (2.1)
Protein (g)79.7 (16.8)79.8 (18.4)
Fat (g)80.5 (27.1)78.3 (28.0)
Carbohydrate-fiber (g)287 (89)270 (63)
Sugar (g)70.2 (53.4)60.3 (37.6)
Alcohol (g)0.8 (1.5)0.8 (2.3)
Fibers (g)20.2 (5.6)19.4 (6.1)
Cholesterol (mg)292 (67)258 (111)
Saturates (g)31.0 (12.0)29.1 (11.9)
Monoenes (g)29.0 (9.1)27.0 (9.9)
Polyenes (g)14.3 (5.8)16.2 (5.6)
 18:2 n-69.3 (4.9)13.8 (4.7)
 18:3 n-31.3 (0.7)1.3 (0.7)
 20:4 n-60.1 (0.04)0.1 (0.04)*
 20:5 n-30.9 (0.08)0.1 (0.1)
 22:6 n-31.4 (0.1)0.2 (0.1)
Retinol (eq mg)2.7 (1.2)2.3 (0.6)
β-Carotene (mg)3.6 (4.4)3.0 (1.8)
Tocopherol (mg)18.9 (1.5)19.4 (1.9)
Vitamin D (μg)13.4 (1.8)13.5 (2.1)
  • * P < .01,

  • P < .001 compared with mean values for the cod liver oil group.