TABLE 4.

Fatty Acids (μg/mL) in Umbilical Plasma Phospholipids and in Infant Plasma Phospholipids at 4 Weeks and 3 Months of Age (Mean [SD])

Fatty AcidsBirth4 Weeks3 Months
Cod Liver Oil (n = 43)Corn Oil (n = 31)Cod Liver Oil (n = 46)Corn Oil (n = 36)Cod Liver Oil (n = 41)Corn Oil (n = 34)
20:3 n-92.0 (1.2)2.3 (1.2)1.0 (0.3)1.4 (1.0)*0.7 (0.3)0.9 (0.5)*
Σn-6162.4 (72.6)166.4 (35.4)318.8 (40.3)367.8 (68.4)333.4 (66.6)369.5 (55.6)*
 20:4n-671.1 (16.9)85.2 (19.0)92.2 (16.3)115.1 (22.4)88.4 (17.6)110.5 (19.7)
 22:5n-61.5 (0.7)3.4 (1.5)1.1 (0.5)3.1 (1.7)0.8 (0.4)1.9 (0.9)
Σn-383.8 (40.3)48.9 (13.6)121.5 (27.0)76.2 (17.0)145.1 (38.2)97.6 (25.6)
 20:5n-312.4 (10.9)2.7 (2.5)21.1 (9.7)5.2 (2.5)28.6 (15.6)10.2 (7.4)
 22:5n-35.8 (3.2)2.7 (1.0)9.0 (2.2)7.2 (1.8)10.9 (2.7)9.8 (2.1)
 22:6n-363.7 (26.8)42.4 (11.6)87.3 (17.1)60.3 (13.5)101.3 (24.7)74.0 (18.9)
Σn-3/Σn-60.5 (0.1)0.3 (0.1)0.4 (0.1)0.2 (0.0)0.4 (0.1)0.3 (0.1)
  • * P ≤ .05,

  • P ≤ .001 compared with mean values for the cod liver oil group.