TABLE 3.

Fatty Acids in Breast Milk (wt%) 4 Weeks and 3 Months After Delivery (Mean [SD])

Fatty Acids4 Weeks3 Months
Cod Liver Oil (n = 46)Corn Oil (n = 36)Cod Liver Oil (n = 39)Corn Oil (n = 34)
Saturates42.39 (4.30)42.12 (5.53)43.82 (3.34)42.20 (4.01)
Monoenes39.07 (3.56)39.07 (3.29)38.24 (2.78)39.45 (2.95)
Polyenes15.71 (2.86)16.10 (3.99)15.02 (2.59)15.56 (3.59)
Σn-612.36 (2.44)14.42 (3.68)11.73 (2.01)13.66 (3.24)
 18:2 n-611.31 (2.36)13.24 (3.60)10.88 (1.92)12.66 (3.15)
 20:3 n-60.33 (0.09)0.39 (0.08)0.26 (0.09)0.32 (0.08)
 20:4 n-60.38 (0.08)0.42 (0.07)*0.33 (0.08)0.38 (0.10)*
Σn-33.36 (1.14)1.68 (0.43)3.19 (0.97)1.77 (0.63)
 18:3 n-30.92 (0.28)0.85 (0.29)0.92 (0.21)0.85 (0.27)
 20:5 n-30.42 (0.18)0.12 (0.05)0.43 (0.18)0.15 (0.09)
 22:5 n-30.37 (0.16)0.18 (0.05)0.35 (0.14)0.20 (0.09)
 22:6 n-31.41 (0.63)0.43 (0.16)1.26 (0.49)0.47 (0.27)
Σn-3/Σn-60.28 (0.10)0.12 (0.02)0.27 (0.07)0.13 (0.04)
Total lipid§3.85 (1.63)4.30 (1.47)3.94 (1.89)3.77 (1.48)
  • * P ≤ .05,

  • P ≤ .01,

  • P ≤ .001 compared with mean values for the cod liver oil group.

  • § The total lipid content is in mg/100 μL.