TABLE 2

Treatment Intervention Means and 95% CIs

TimeSucrose Mean (95% CI)aSterile-Water Mean (95% CI)aDifference, Sucrose − Sterile-Water Mean (95% CI)bStandardized DifferencecPercent Difference in Mean Pain ScoredPb
Baseline0.00 (−0.39 to 0.39)0.02 (−0.33 to 0.38)−0.02 (−0.88 to 0.83)−0.025−100.0.926
2 min (after immunization 1)1.19 (0.81 to 1.58)3.02 (2.66 to 3.38)−1.83 (−2.68 to −0.97)−1.855−60.6<.001
5 min (after immunization 2)2.96 (2.58 to 3.35)4.31 (3.95 to 4.66)−1.34 (−2.20 to −0.48)−1.362−31.1<.001
7 min (after immunization 3)3.80 (3.41 to 4.19)4.81 (4.45 to 5.17)−1.01 (−1.86 to −0.15)−1.023−21.0<.01
9 min (2 min after immunization 3)0.59 (0.21 to 0.98)2.75 (2.39 to 3.11)−2.16 (−3.01 to −1.30)−2.191−78.5<.001
  • a Means and CIs are model-based estimates.

  • b Data are Tukey-Kramer adjusted.

  • c Data are mean difference/common SD.

  • d Data are relative to sterile-water mean pain score: ((difference sucrose − sterile water mean)/sterile water mean) × 100.