TABLE 1

Sample Characteristics (N = 86 249)

Characteristicn (%)a
Health outcomesb
    Good/fair/poor health10 262 (15)
    Good/fair/poor teeth20 874 (30)
    Socioemotional problem12 172 (18)
    Overweight15 652 (24)
Social risk factorsc
    No education more than high school20 336 (32)
    Family income <200% FPL27 271 (40)
    Not 2-parent household18 752 (24)
    Black/Hispanic18 202 (30)
    Uninsured6109 (8)
    Family conflict30 772 (39)
    Low maternal mental health21 102 (28)
    Unsafe neighborhood10 379 (16)
No. of risk factors
    022 572 (21)
    123 362 (24)
    215 951 (18)
    310 357 (13)
    47039 (11)
    54111 (7)
    ≥62857 (6)
  • a The sample sizes (n) in each category are unweighted; the frequencies (%) are weighted.

  • b The samples sizes (n) of the health outcome variables match the n for the multivariate regression model for each specific variable (see Table 2).

  • c The sample size for the social risk indicators comes from the “good/fair/poor health” variable (N = 86249). Because the study sample is restricted to include only those individuals with no missing data on the health outcome variable and all study covariates, these estimates are not representative of the US population of children.