TABLE 4

Adjusted Effects on HRQoL

CategoriesCoefficient, βP95% CI
Biological determinants
    Asthma impact
        No asthma everaaa
        Asthma in past but not now0.970.079−0.114 to 2.054
        Asthma now, minor impact0.369.345−0.397 to 1.136
        Asthma now, moderate impact−0.240.735−1.628 to 1.149
        Asthma now, severe impact−5.435.005−9.236 to −1.634
    Condition impact
        No conditionaaa
        Mild−3.326.000−3.818 to −2.834
        Moderate−8.374.000−9.105 to −7.644
        Severe−12.887.000−14.588 to −11.187
    BMI
        Normalaaa
        Underweight−0.118.779−0.941 to 0.705
        At risk for overweight−0.858.004−1.443 to −0.274
        Overweight−2.241.000−2.813 to −1.669
Medical system
    Unmet need
        No unmet needaaa
        Has unmet need−5.778.000−8.260 to −3.294
    Insurance
        Private all yearaaa
        Private now/uninsured part year−1.914.008−3.329 to −0.498
        Medicaid all year−1.115.003−1.854 to −0.375
        Medicaid now/uninsured part year−1.893.017−3.453 to −0.332
        Uninsured now but had some insurance for part year−0.920.131−2.115 to 0.275
        Uninsured all year−1.009.122−2.288 to 0.270
    Presence of regular health care provider
        Yesaaa
        No−0.856.012−1.524 to −1.889
Individual- and family-level sociodemographic variables
    Age–gender group
        Male 6–7aaa
        Female 6–7−0.121.820−1.159 to 0.918
        Male 8–10−1.338.003−2.229 to −0.448
        Female 8–10−1.832.000−2.718 to −0.946
        Male 11–12−2.902.000−3.835 to −1.970
        Female 11–12−2.916.000−3.909 to −1.924
        Male 13–15−3.523.000−4.418 to −2.628
        Female 13–15−3.060.000−3.955 to −2.166
        Male 16–17−2.462.000−3.392 to −1.531
        Female 16–17−2.013.000−2.998 to −1.028
    Highest level of education in household
        Less than high school−0.279.712−1.759 to 1.202
        High schoolaaa
        Greater than high school1.308.0000.768 to 1.848
    Family structure
        2 parentsaaa
        Single mother−1.874.000−2.447 to −1.301
        Other−3.433.000−4.353 to −2.513
    Smoker in household
        Noaaa
        Yes−1.059.000−1.503 to −0.614
    Race of child
        Whiteaaa
        Black−4.146.000−4.836 to −3.455
        Multiethnic−.725.196−1.824 to 0.373
        Other−1.544.026−2.903 to −0.185
    Poverty level, % of federal poverty level
        ≥400aaa
        300 to <400−1.179.000−1.730 to −0.627
        200 to <300−1.371.000−1.916 to −0.825
        100 to <200−2.035.000−2.703 to −1.366
        <100−2.012.000−3.085 to −0.939
  • a Reference category.