TABLE 3

Neurosensory Outcomes and Rates of Rehospitalization at CA of 20 Months

ELBW GroupELGA Group
Period 1 (1996–1999) (n = 122)Period 2 (2000–2003) (n = 109)PPeriod 1 (1996–1999) (n = 118)Period 2 (2000–2003) (n = 107)P
Cerebral palsy, n (%)17 (14)10 (9).27219 (16)10 (9).138
    Hemiplegia4 (3)2 (2)5 (4)2 (2)
    Diplegia6 (5)3 (3)7 (6)3 (3)
    Triplegia2 (2)0 (0)2 (2)0 (0)
Quadriplegia5 (4)5 (5)5 (4)5 (5)
Blindness, n (%)0 (0)2 (2).2190 (0)2 (2).223
Deafness, n (%)10 (8)2 (2).03110 (9)2 (2).029
Shunt-dependent hydrocephalus, n (%)a2 (2)0 (0).4071 (1)0 (0).634
Neurosensory abnormality, n (%)b35 (29)17 (16).01936 (31)17 (16).011
No. of rehospitalizations, n (%)
    088 (73)81 (75).974c86 (74)78 (74).762c
    119 (16)15 (14)18 (15)16 (15)
    211 (9)6 (6)10 (9)6 (6)
    ≥33 (2)6 (6)3 (3)6 (6)
  • a Among children without neurologic abnormalities. Four additional children (2 in each period/group) had shunt-dependent hydrocephalus with cerebral palsy or hypertonia.

  • b Neurosensory abnormalities including cerebral palsy, persistent hypotonia or hypertonia, shunt-dependent hydrocephalus without neurologic abnormalities, and unilateral or bilateral blindness or deafness requiring a hearing aid.

  • c Cochran-Armitage test.