Variable | II (N = 40) | SH (N = 20) | P |
---|---|---|---|

Age, mean ± SD, y | 12.3 ± 0.7 | 12.5 ± 0.6 | .21 |

Gender, % girls | 47.5 | 40.0 | .78 |

No. of members in household, mean ± SD | 4.5 ± 1.0 | 4.9 ± 1.4 | .21 |

BMI, mean ± SD, kg/m^{2} | 25.4 ± 4.7 | 26.7 ± 5.5 | .37 |

zBMI, mean ± SD | 1.6 ± 0.6 | 1.7 ± 0.6 | .39 |

Height, mean ± SD, cm | 152.3 ± 7.6 | 152.2 ± 8.0 | .96 |

Weight, mean ± SD, kg | 59.0 ± 11.8 | 62.5 ± 16.3 | .36 |

Body fat, mean ± SD, % | 32.6 ± 10.8 | 32.6 ± 8.8 | .99 |

Average systolic BP, mean ± SD, mm Hg | 110.9 ± 12.3 | 112.9 ± 18.0 | .62 |

Average diastolic BP, mean ± SD, mm Hg | 68.9 ± 9.3 | 67.4 ± 11.2 | .57 |

Total cholesterol, mean ± SD, mg/dL^{a} | 164.30 ± 25.70 | 163.45 ± 32.75 | .93 |

LDL cholesterol, mean ± SD, mg/dL^{a} | 99.84 ± 23.57 | 101.29 ± 28.54 | .87 |

HDL cholesterol, mean ± SD, mg/dL^{a} | 45.45 ± 9.47 | 41.64 ± 8.55 | .25 |

Triglycerides, mean ± SD, mg/dL^{a} | 88.86 ± 38.24 | 102.64 ± 52.86 | .37 |

Glucose, mean ± SD, mmol/L^{a} | 4.34 ± 0.55 | 4.50 ± 0.17 | .18 |

Insulin, mean ± SD, μIU/mL^{a} | 27.86 ± 21.84 | 31.72 ± 19.71 | .62 |

Because these measurements were not required to participate in the study, the number size differs for blood biomarkers.

↵a II:

*N*= 29; SH:*N*= 9.