TABLE 2

Some Examples of Mitigation Strategies

InternationalNational and StateCommunityBusiness, Nonprofits, Professional SocietiesIndividuals
Reduce emissions and increase use of renewable energyImpose carbon-emissions caps by treatyCreate GHG inventoryLEED certification of public buildingsEnergy audit of office and work toward LEED certificationaDrive less, use public transport, carpool
    sourcesSupport clean, renewable technologies in developing countriesImpose carbon-emissions caps at national and/or state levelEnergy audits and renovations for all public buildingsReward carpoolers or employees who use public transport or walk/bike to workUse vehicles that get the highest gas mileage
Support research, development, and use of clean, renewable fuelsIncrease solar, wind, energy-efficient biofuels, and other renewable energy sourcesEfficient lighting in public spacesPromote energy conservationPerform energy audit of home or business and make associated changes
Promote energy conservationInvest in research, development, and use of clean, renewable fuelsReward businesses and home owners for energy efficiencyBuy Energy Star office equipmentBuy Energy Star appliances
Raise corporate average fuel efficiency standards for vehiclesMaximize public transport, ticket idling cars, tax individual parking spaces, create bike lanes, and enforce high-occupancy vehicle lanesSupport telecommuting and flexible hoursBuy local foods
Promote energy conservationDevelop sustainability awardsVideo and teleconference meetingsEngage in energy-conservation efforts
Augment public transportation optionsPromote energy conservationConsider buying carbon offsets for travel to meetingsbSwitch to compact fluorescent bulbs
Increase (protect) sinksArrest deforestationIdentify, protect, and restore carbon sinksPlant treesIncrease green spacePlant trees and shrubs
Restore forests and wildernessProtect national forests and wilderness areasReward construction of green roofsAdd plants and trees in parking areasSupport parks and greenways
Build parks and green space
Carbon trapping and sequestrationSupport research and developmentSupport research and developmentSupport research and developmentSupport research and developmentSupport through personal investments
  • This information here is not exhaustive. Many strategies have been proposed and overlap among sectors. Additional information can be found at www.grida.no/climate/ipcc_tar/wg3/index.htm, http://epa.gov/climatechange/wycd/index.html, and www.princeton.edu/∼cmi.

  • LEED indicates Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.

  • a The LEED Green Building Rating System is a nationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction, and operation of high-performance green buildings. LEED gives building owners and operators the tools they need to have an immediate and measurable impact on their building's performance. LEED promotes a whole-building approach to sustainability by recognizing performance in 5 key areas of human and environmental health: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection, and indoor environmental quality.

  • b Reduction of individual GHG production can be accomplished by buying carbon offsets whereby, in this principle, an individual or business can pay someone to reduce or remove GHG production in that company's name. For example, if a company agrees to buy 10 tons of carbon offsets, the seller guarantees that 10 fewer tons of GHG will enter the atmosphere.