TABLE 1.

Clinical Features of ADEM in 18 Patients

n (%)
Systemic signs and symptoms
 Fever7 (38.5)
 Nausea and/or vomiting5 (27.5)
 Headache4 (22.5)
 Stiff neck1 (5.5)
Neurological signs and symptoms
 Motor deficits*14 (77)
 Altered consciousness8 (44.5)
 Sensory deficits5 (27.5)
 Urinary symptoms5 (27.5)
 Cranial neuropathy4 (22.5)
 Seizures3 (16.5)
 Nystagmus2 (11)
 Internuclear ophthalmoplegia2 (11)
 Aphasia1 (5.5)
  • * Ataxia (7), paraparesis (4), hemiparesis (2), and monoparesis (1).

  • Optic, oculomotor, abducens, and facial nerves.