TABLE 2

Proportion of Youth With and Without SHCNs, Ages 12–17, Meeting the Overall Health Care Transition Planning Measure and Individual Elements by Selected Sociodemographic Factors: United States, 2016

Overall Transition Measure: Youth Receives Services To Make Transition to Adult Health CareDoctor or Other HCP Discussed Shift to Adult Provider When NeededDoctor or Other HCP Actively Worked With Youth To Gain Skills or Understand Changes in Health CareYouth Had Time Alone With Their Doctor or Other HCP at Last Preventive Checkup
YSHCN, n = 5786Non-YSHCN, n = 14 677YSHCN, n = 5706Non-YSHCN, n = 14 364YSHCN, n = 5288Non-YSHCN, n = 12 689YSHCN, n = 5713Non-YSHCN, n = 14 462
% (SE)P% (SE)P% (SE)P% (SE)P% (SE)P% (SE)P% (SE)P% (SE)P
Total16.5 (1.0)14.2 (0.7)a41.2 (1.4)52.2 (1.0)b68.6 (1.4)55.3 (1.0)b44.4 (1.4)36.7 (0.9)b
Sex
 Male14.4 (1.2).0214.6 (0.9).6138.5 (1.8).0451.2 (1.3).2665.4 (2.0).0254.5 (1.4).4542.4 (1.8).1340.0 (1.3)<.001
 Female19.0 (1.6)13.9 (0.9)44.3 (2.2)53.3 (1.4)72.3 (2.1)56.0 (1.5)46.6 (2.1)33.4 (1.2)
Age, y
 12–149.6 (1.3)<.00110.0 (0.8)<.00132.6 (2.1)<.00143.8 (1.4)<.00165.6 (2.1).0452.7 (1.4).0135.5 (2.0)<.00130.5 (1.2)<.001
 15–1723.1 (1.4)18.4 (1.0)49.4 (1.9)60.8 (1.3)71.7 (2.0)58.0 (1.4)53.0 (1.9)42.9 (1.3)
Race and/or ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic16.4 (0.9).1614.6 (0.6).8041.3 (1.4).9951.1 (0.9).0466.9 (1.5).5452.3 (1.0).0146.0 (1.4).3339.6 (0.9).02
 Black or African American, non-Hispanic21.0 (3.7)13.1 (1.7)41.5 (4.4)14.6 (2.5)72.8 (5.0)63.4 (3.0)42.9 (4.4)36.4 (2.9)
 Hispanic12.6 (2.6)14.5 (2.1)40.6 (4.7)47.7 (2.9)70.6 (4.4)55.8 (2.9)39.2 (4.5)32.5 (2.5)
 Other, non-Hispanic17.9 (2.7)13.1 (1.4)41.2 (3.4)51.7 (2.7)68.3 (3.3)58.5 (2.8)47.7 (3.4)32.6 (2.4)
Insurance type
 Private only17.7 (1.2).1914.1 (0.7).1340.3 (1.5).0848.3 (1.0)<.00170.2 (1.4).2954.6 (1.1).7349.2 (1.5).0140.1 (1.0)<.001
 Public only13.5 (1.6)14.9 (1.7)40.0 (2.8)55.5 (2.3)70.3 (2.6)56.9 (2.5)39.3 (2.7)34.9 (2.2)
 Private and public15.0 (4.7)15.2 (2.8)43.3 (6.0)55.8 (5.6)62.4 (6.3)59.1 (6.4)38.4 (5.6)30.5 (4.4)
 Uninsured23.8 (6.1)8.6 (1.9)59.7 (5.9)67.1 (4.2)60.1 (6.7)52.9 (4.9)40.5 (6.3)19.3 (2.8)
Highest household education level
 Less than high school13.2 (5.1).8015.7 (3.9).6845.9 (8.3).3372.0 (4.1)<.00176.1 (7.6).5659.5 (5.1).2441.0 (8.0).0325.6 (4.3)<.001
 High school diploma or GED16.2 (2.3)13.1 (1.3)45.4 (3.6)61.6 (2.3)66.1 (4.2)53.7 (2.5)37.1 (3.4)30.0 (2.1)
 Some college/technical school16.3 (1.7)15.0 (1.3)40.9 (2.6)52.7 (1.9)67.6 (2.8)58.3 (2.0)40.9 (2.6)37.4 (1.8)
 College degree or higher17.1 (1.3)13.7 (0.7)37.9 (1.6)42.4 (1.0)68.0 (1.5)53.2 (1.2)50.1 (1.6)42.4 (1.1)
Household poverty level, % FPL
 <100 FPL17.8 (2.8).0715.0 (2.3).4545.6 (3.8).3259.4 (3.1)<.00168.0 (4.1).7656.0 (3.3).7439.8 (3.6).00131.0 (2.8)<.001
 100–199 11.7 (1.9)13.4 (1.4)40.4 (3.5)57.3 (2.5)67.4 (4.0)57.3 (2.7)40.0 (3.6)31.7 (2.3)
 200–399 17.4 (2.2)13.1 (1.0)41.8 (2.9)52.2 (1.8)71.1 (2.5)54.2 (1.8)42.1 (2.9)37.1 (1.7)
 ≥400 18.4 (1.6)15.1 (0.9)38.2 (1.8)44.1 (1.2)67.9 (2.0)54.2 (1.3)52.5 (2.0)43.4 (1.3)
  • Data source: United States Census Bureau. NSCH. Available at: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/nsch/data.html. Accessed August 8, 2018. GED, general education diploma; FPL, federal poverty level; —, not applicable.

  • a P = .05 for χ2 test used to compare YSHCN with non-YSHCN.

  • b P < .001 for χ2 test used to compare YSHCN with non-YSHCN.