TABLE 1.

Sociodemographic Characteristics of PC and CC

Sociodemographic CharacteristicsPC (n = 64; n [%])CC (n = 64; n [%])
Gender
 Girls32 (50%)32 (50%)
Child’s age in y (M, SD)9.7 (0.6)9.5 (0.7)
Osborn Index (M, SD)58.7 (6.5)59.01 (7.2)
Mother’s age in years (M, SD)36.9 (4.8)37.8 (3.8)
Marital status
 Married/cohabiting52 (81.3%)57 (93.4%)
 Separated/divorced9 (14.1%)4 (6.6%)
 No regular partner3 (4.6%)0 (0%)
Partner’s age (M, SD)38.3 (5.7)39.7 (5.7)
Number of children living in household
 18 (12.5%)8 (12.7%)
 234 (53.1%)30 (47.6%)
 3 or more22 (34.4%)25 (39.7%)
Mother currently employed41 (66.1%)47 (74.6%)
Mother’s working h per wk
 0–20 h19 (47.5%)24 (54.5%)
 21–30 h10 (25.0%)8 (18.2%)
 31–40 h8 (20.0%)11 (25.0%)
 41+ h3 (7.5%)1 (2.3%)
Age of child when went back to work (mo; M, SD)8.4 (17.6)8.0 (19.8)
Partner currently employed52 (100%)57 (98.3%)
Partner’s working h per wk*
 0–20 h0 (0%)2 (3.4%)
 21–30 h2 (3.5%)3 (5.1%)
 31–40 h25 (43.9%)25 (42.4%)
 41+ h30 (52.6%)29 (49.1%)
Rent/own accommodation
 Own53 (82.8%)57 (90.5%)
 Council rented7 (10.9%)3 (4.8%)
 Private rented2 (3.2%)0 (0%)
Mother’s educational qualification
 Left school with none8 (12.7%)7 (11.1%)
 Vocational or O level23 (36.5%)24 (38.1%)
 A level16 (25.4%)15 (23.8%)
 Teacher certificate or degree16 (25.4%)17 (27.0%)
Partner’s educational qualification†
 Left school with none6 (9.5%)7 (11.3%)
 Vocational or O level13 (20.6%)7 (11.3%)
 A level17 (27.0%)20 (32.3%)
 Teacher certificate or degree17 (27.0%)26 (41.9%)
Gross family income (£ per annum)
 <12 0006 (9.5%)7 (11.3%)
 12 000–20 00013 (20.6%)7 (11.3%)
 21 000–32 00017 (27.0%)20 (32.3%)
 32 000 or more17 (27.0%)26 (41.9%)
  • SD indicates standard deviation.

  • * Mother reports include 4 recently separated partners.

  • O level (ordinary educational qualification); A level (advanced educational qualification).