TABLE 2.

Children’s Usual TV/Video Viewing Habits By Race/Ethnicity and Age

Children ViewingHispanicBlackWhiteOtherTotal
Any TV/video (N [%])*
1-y-old245/274 (89.4)152/179 (84.9)186/261 (71.3)61/76 (80.3)644/790 (81.5)
2-y-old241/247 (97.6)157/164 (95.7)227/250 (90.8)66/68 (97.1)691/729 (94.8)
3-y-old217/217 (100)153/156 (98.0)236/256 (92.2)57/59 (96.6)663/688 (96.4)
4-y-old171/172 (99.4)119/121 (98.4)173/180 (96.1)45/47 (95.7)508/520 (97.7)
Mean h/wk (SEM)
1-y-old11.6 (0.6)13.8 (1.0)8.6 (0.5)9.1 (1.2)10.9 (0.4)
2-y-old14.7 (0.6)17.6 (0.8)13.2 (0.6)16.4 (1.4)14.9 (0.4)
3-y-old18.1 (0.8)17.5 (0.9)14.0 (0.6)17.0 (1.3)16.3 (0.4)
4-y-old17.0 (0.7)23.0 (1.3)16.4 (0.8)19.6 (2.3)18.4 (0.5)
>2 h/d (N [%])
1-y-old78/274 (28.5)68/179 (38.0)45/261 (17.2)11/76 (14.5)202/790 (25.6)
2-y-old101/247 (40.9)92/164 (56.1)87/250 (34.8)36/68 (52.9)316/729 (43.4)
3-y-old120/217 (55.3)83/156 (53.2)91/256 (35.6)34/59 (57.6)328/688 (47.7)
4-y-old97/172 (56.4)87/121 (71.9)87/180 (48.3)26/47 (55.3)297/520 (57.1)
  • * The percentage of children watching TV/videos increased with increasing child age (Mantel Haenszel χ2 = 124.2 [df = 1]; P < .0001). Among 1-year-old children, the prevalence of children not watching TV/videos was higher among whites (29%) than Hispanics (11%), blacks (15%), or others (20%), (χ2 = 31.0, [df = 2]; P < .0001).

  • Children’s mean time viewing TV/video (hours per week) differed by race/ethnicity (F = 22.0 [df = 3; 2731]); P < .0001 by analysis of variance). Post hoc analysis using Scheffe’s test showed that this significant overall F was attributable to differences between blacks and each of the other 3 racial/ethnic groups (all P < .05). Older children spent more time watching TV/videos than younger children (F = 93.0 [df = 3; 2752]; P < .0001 by analysis of variance). Post hoc analyses showed that all age groups, except the 2-year-old children versus the 3-year-old children, watched significantly different amounts of TV (all P < .05).

  • The percentage of children watching more than an average of 2 hours per day of TV/videos increased with increasing child age (Mantel Haenszel χ2 = 136.5 [df = 1]; P < .0001) and also differed by race/ethnicity (χ2 = 66.5 [df = 3]; P < .0001).