TABLE 2

Comparisons Among Sexting Groups on Sexual Behaviors, Cognitions, and Emotional Competence Variables

Unadjusted Parameter EstimatesAdjusted Effect Size
None (n = 318), %Text only (n = 71), %Photo (n = 21), %Sexting Versus NonePhoto Versus Text
Sexual risk behaviorsOR (95% CI)POR (95% CI)P
 Romantic partner8099100
 Made out3287865.97 (3.59–9.94)<.011.10 (0.53–2.25).81
 Touched genitals over clothes1663817.34 (4.54–11.89)<.011.98 (1.06–3.70).03
 Friends with benefits1653764.86 (3.14–7.55)<.011.77 (0.99–3.19).06
 Touched genitals under clothes736625.38 (3.41–8.49)<.011.85 (1.08–3.17).02
 Oral sex829575.40 (3.32–8.80)<.012.66 (1.49–4.73)<.01
 Vaginal sex522485.01 (2.99–8.40)<.012.23 (1.26–3.95)<.01
 Same sex: made out27334.45 (2.19–9.06)<.012.18 (1.07–4.43).03
 Same sex: touched genitals210294.63 (2.37–9.05)<.011.71 (0.87–3.37).12
Risk-Related CognitionsMean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Cohen’s δaPCohen’s δaP
 Sexual intentions1.88 (1.18)2.86 (1.24)3.05 (1.63)0.69 (0.48–0.89)<.010.17 (0.00–0.36).06
 Perceived peer approval2.35 (0.80)3.05 (0.77)2.65 (0.68)0.46 (0.26–0.66)<.010.06 (0.00–0.25).50
 Perceived media approval2.02 (0.95)2.63 (1.05)2.50 (1.00)0.40 (0.20–0.59)<.010.00 (0.00–0.06).97
 Perceived parental approval1.54 (0.55)1.84 (0.67)1.85 (0.60)0.43 (0.23–0.62)<.010.14 (0.00–0.33).11
Emotional competence
 DER awareness2.99 (1.08)3.12 (1.17)3.62 (0.98)0.28 (0.08–0.47)<.010.22 (0.00–0.42).06
 DER regulation2.07 (0.83)2.11 (0.75)2.52 (1.00)0.19 (0.00–0.39).070.19 (0.00–0.39).07
 Emotional self-efficacy2.99 (0.85)2.76 (0.87)2.18 (0.72)0.42 (0.22–0.61)<.010.22 (0.00–0.41).07
  • CI, confidence interval; DER, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation scale.

  • a Effect sizes were computed by using partial η2 and converted to Cohen’s δ using standard conversion formulas.25